ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES
Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes
MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT
Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento
Co-operatives: An investment in democracy and economic growth
The outsider consumer co-operative: lessons from the Community Co-operative Store (Nuriootpa), 1944–2010
Financial sustainability of Tanzanian saving and credit cooperatives
Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación
Bricolage in social entrepreneurship: How creative resource mobilization fosters greater social impact
From “virtuous” to “pragmatic” pursuit of social mission
Management / Gestión
Do Hybrid Organizational Forms of the Social Economy have a Greater Chance of Surviving? An Examination of the Case of Montreal
A Critical Analysis of the Intellectual Capital Measuring, Managing, and Reporting Practices in the Non-profit Sector: Lessons Learnt from a Case Study
Utilising a change management perspective to examine the implementation of corporate rebranding in a non-profit SME
Theorizing Hybridity: Institutional Logics, Complex Organizations, and Actor Identities: The Case of Nonprofits
Ethical Entrepreneurship in the Nonprofit Sector: A Case Study of the Capital Region Farmers Market
Journey from NGO to Sustainable Social Enterprise: Acceleratory Organizational Factors of BRAC
Social innovation / Innovación social
Du concept d’« innovation sociale »
Public Policies / Politicas Publicas
Associations et action publique (Livre)
Mental health and solidarity economy: Cartography its political discourse
CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS
Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones
Nonprofit organizations and civil society in the United States (book)
The Nonprofit World: Civil Society and the Rise of the Nonprofit Sector (book)
Une économie solidaire peut-elle être féministe? (livre)
Other / Otros
Collective Reputations Affect Donations to Nonprofits
L’économie sociale à la rencontre du marché : l’expansion des mutuelles de santé dans les services à la personne
Strengthening communities, building capacity, combating stigma: exploring the potential of culture-led social housing regeneration
Special Issues / Ediciones especiales
Innovations in Social Entrepreneurship - Scaling for Impact
ESS et mutations du travail et de l'emploi
Reprise d’entreprise par les salariés en SCOP : Définition et enjeux, levier d’action pour les conseils régionaux
APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS
Calls for contributions / Convocatorias de artículos
ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR
Events / Eventos
Leblanc C. and H. Alzyoud. International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, volume 13, issue 2, pages 1-12, June 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This article seeks to examine the co-operative corporation model of social economic enterprise as a means of addressing the tide of global economic instability and social capital dissociation, and as a vehicle for organized labour to effect real socio-economic changes. Mondragon instantiates what many economists consider to be a contradiction within the market and reshaped our understanding of the global economic possibilities for the social economy as a complex business model rather than the traditional third tier service economy with which it had been associated (MacLeod 1997). The co-operative community development model has the ability to effect community engagement which has resulted in significant social and economic impacts in devastated regions and has contributed to labour's ability to effect socioeconomic change.”
Nikola Balnave and Greg Patmore. Business History, volume 57, issue 8, pages 1133-1154, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Current models of co-operative survival need to be modified to consider those national experiences where consumer co-operatives become ‘outsider co-operatives’; they cannot rely on a broader co-operative movement or network. The Nuriootpa Co-operative is a prime example of such a co-op. Its ability to deal with issues of capitalisation, ideological appeal and relationships with the local community has historically been central to the survival and growth of this Australian Rochdale co-operative. However, without the support of a broader movement or network, its adoption of the franchising model has proved to be a key to the success of this co-operative.”
Nyankomo Marwa and Meshach Aziakpono. International Journal of Social Economics, volume 42, issue 10, October 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to discuss the financial sustainability of Tanzanian saving and credit cooperatives (SACCOs). The data set used in this study comes from SACCOs’ audited financial reports for the year 2011. The performance was estimated using return on asset (ROA) and financial sustainability was estimated using the ratio of total expenses to total revenue. Linear regression was used to investigate the determinants of financial sustainability. The results show that, about 61 per cent of the sample SACCOs is operationally sustainable and 51 per cent of the total sample is both operationally and financially sustainable. The average sustainability score was 127 per cent. On average, the results for profitability (measured by ROA) is higher than some of the results reported for standard microfinance in the region and globally. In terms of sustainability the result forecasts a promising future for financial cooperative business model as an alternative form of financing the poor. Only SACCOs with audited financial statements were included in the study, thus the conclusion is limited to SACCOs with similar characteristics. Future work might consider extending the analysis to include SACCOs with non-audited financial statements. Based on the sample SACCOs can under good management can be used as a sustainable social conduit for financial access and social economic development among the poor in Tanzania. This study contributes in two ways. First, it contributes towards the scanty empirical literature on the performance of SACCOs in developing countries and in Tanzania in particular. Second, it provides provocative evidence which appears to contradict earlier and more pessimistic accounts and it challenges the ontology about extending member-based microfinance.”
Sophie Bacq, Laurel F. Ofstein, Jill R. Kickul and Lisa K. Gundry. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, volume 16, issue 4, pages 283-289, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Social entrepreneurs face unique challenges in their dual pursuit of social and financial value creation to address pressing societal problems. While social entrepreneurs' behaviour and actions have been highlighted as an important source of creativity and innovation, this issue has largely been underresearched in the field of entrepreneurship. This paper explores the role of social entrepreneurs' bricolage behaviour in enabling their enterprises to scale their operations. The authors test their hypothesis on a unique database of 123 social enterprises using an online survey. They find a positive relationship between entrepreneurial bricolage and the scaling of social impact. The paper concludes with study implications, post hoc analyses and limitations and directions for future research.”
Robert E. McDonald, Jay Weerawardena, Sreedhar Madhavaram and Gillian Sullivan Mort. Management Research Review, volume 38, issue 9, pages 970-991, September 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to offer a sustainability-based typology for non-profit organizations and corresponding strategies to sustain the mission and/or financial objectives of non-profit organizations. The balance of mission and money, known in the non-profit literature as the double bottom line, is a challenge for professional managers who run non-profits and scholars who study them. Typologies are often used to classify phenomena to improve understanding and bring about clarity. In this paper, non-profit organizations are viewed from a social and fiscal viability perspective, developed from the long standing challenge of balancing mission and money. This paper may provide guidance for a number of non-profit managers to keep their organizations operating and serving important social missions. In the context of organizations for social mission, several typologies exist that looked at firms from the perspectives of ownership versus profit objectives, entrepreneurship conceptualizations of economists and origins and development paths of social enterprises. While these typologies provided foundations for theoretical and empirical work into social enterprises, our typology offers strategies for the sustainability of mission and/or money objectives of non-profits. The value of this research lies in integrating virtuous and pragmatic objectives of non-profit sustainability that, in turn, can ensure the social mission of non-profits.”
Marie J. Bouchard and Damien Rousselière. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, article in press, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The objective of this article is to contribute to an understanding of the evolution of a population of social economy enterprises faced with the economic crisis, namely by referring to the case of Montreal. We apply a two-step approach. For one, we use an innovative discrete-time survival model that takes spatial heterogeneity into account. In a second step, this model is used to predict the survival of different forms of the social economy, according to various proposed typologies for identifying hybrid organizational forms. It is understood that certain organizational forms (professional social economy) have fared better than others (emerging social economy). Organizations combining several sources of financing and several forms of paid or volunteer work likewise have greater chances of survival.”
Stefania Veltri and Giovanni Bronzetti. Journal of Business Ethics, volume 131, issue 2, pages 305-318, October 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “In management literature, intellectual capital (IC) is considered the key driver of the competitive advantage of the third millennium enterprise firm; consequently, measuring, managing and reporting IC has become a critical issue. Frameworks addressed to measure and report IC have proliferated; nevertheless the adoption of these frameworks is not so widespread in practice. The strong call for critically investigating IC practices has been raised by several leading authors in the area. Doing a critical and performative IC research means empirically researching IC organisational practices in specific contexts, in order to increase the understanding of the IC dynamics. By critically analysing the IC practices of ANPAS Piemonte, an Italian non-profit organisation chosen for its long-standing experience in issuing audited IC reports (from 2003 to 2011), the article contributes to the knowledge of how and why IC is measured and reported in a specific, outstanding NPO disclosing IC. Moreover, the case study analysis contributes to shed lights on the levers and barriers that should be faced by other managers intending to implement and effectively use an IC measurement, management and reporting system within organisation."
Paul Chad. The Journal of Brand Management, volume 22, issue 7, pages 569-587, September 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this article is to use a change management perspective to investigate how a non-profit SME conducted corporate rebranding and determine in this important new context the usefulness of the principles of corporate rebranding developed by Merrilees and Miller primarily in relation to large for-profit organisations. Research is based upon case study of an Australian non-profit SME health insurance organisation that recently conducted corporate rebranding. Via a change management perspective incorporating a discourse transformation framework, semi-structured in-depth interviews with managers and employees examined the rebranding process and explored manager and employee experiences of the journey. The rebranding was successful. Crucial was thorough situation analysis, well-developed implementation plan, and early buy-in from employees subsequently involved throughout the implementation process. Although evidence of all principles of corporate rebranding was detected within the actual rebranding process utilised, various refinements to the principles are recommended. These refined principles can guide practitioners in future corporate rebranding exercises. The research contributes by successfully introducing a change management perspective utilising a discourse transformation framework into examination of corporate rebranding. The research also extends the principles of corporate rebranding to a new context and importantly provides suggested refinements to the principles.”
Chris Skelcher and Steven Rathgeb Smith. Public Administration, volume 93, issue 2, pages 433-448, June 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “We propose a novel approach to theorizing hybridity in public and nonprofit organizations. The concept of hybridity is widely used to describe organizational responses to changes in governance, but the literature seldom explains how hybrids arise or what forms they take. Transaction cost and organizational design literatures offer some solutions, but lack a theory of agency. We use the institutional logics approach to theorize hybrids as entities that face a plurality of normative frames. Logics provide symbolic and material elements that structure organizational legitimacy and actor identities. Contradictions between institutional logics offer space for them to be elaborated and creatively reconstructed by situated agents. We propose five types of organizational hybridity – segmented, segregated, assimilated, blended, and blocked. Each type is theoretically derived from empirically observed variations in organizational responses to institutional plurality. We develop propositions to show how our approach to hybridity adds value to academic and policy‐maker audiences.”
Cathy Hope and Joanna Henryks. Journal of Corporate Citizenship, volume 59, issue 59, pages 112-127, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “An ongoing dilemma in the field of corporate citizenship is the successful and productive integration of commercial viability and shareholder profitability with corporate social responsibility and citizenship. This article considers Wempe's theory of ethical entrepreneurship as applied to a successful social enterprise: the Capital Region Farmers Market in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Social enterprises offer a useful case study for the integration of social purpose into for-profit organizations because of the interdependence of the commercial and social aims. The article considers the three key strategies deployed by the Capital Region Farmers Market to successfully navigate the many and at times conflicting stakeholder value claims on the organization. The findings support Wempe's proposal that the tensions arising from multiple competing stakeholder claims can be used productively to yield new values of greater benefit to the enterprise and the community it serves.”
Affective and cognitive influence of control of navigation on cause sponsorship and non-profit organizations
Ye Wang. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, volume 20, issue 4, pages 331-346, November 2015
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this research is to examine how control of navigation influences cognitive and affective sponsorship responses and attitude towards the non-profit organization in the context of corporate websites. By conducting experiments on fictitious brands and existing non-profit organizations, this study found that control of navigation did not influence sponsorship cognition. Attitude towards the website fully mediated the influence of control of navigation on attitude towards the sponsor's brand and attitude towards the non-profit organization. Additionally, high control of navigation in combination with high perceived fit was associated with the most positive brand attitude. These findings suggest that control of navigation defined as an external control factor is primarily an affective heuristic; in addition, the heuristic processing influences not only the sponsor's brand but also the sponsored non-profit organization. Practically, this study suggests that the navigation of corporate websites has to be user-friendly in order to benefit the brand and ensure neutrality of consumers' judgement of the sponsored non-profit organization.”
Cho Sangmi and Sultana Razia. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, volume 9, issue 3, pages 293-306, September 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this study is to explore the organizational factors that accelerate for turning BRAC into a sustainable Social Enterprise (SE). As such, using the organization BRAC as a case study, this study focused on two main objectives: first, to explore its organizational strategy or approach as SE and second, to evaluate the ability of the organization to maintain its organizational value as an NGO while operating SEs. This work constitutes exploratory research based on case study method. The data collection method is divided into two parts: in the first part the relevant literature was reviewed, and in the second part purposive sampling method was used in the form of an in‐depth interview. Findings suggests that BRAC generated some key organizational factors including addressing specific social and client's needs, introduced unique ‘BRAC Model’ and strategy for their SEs, visionary leadership and competent management with proper organizational foundation assist the organization in its capacity to become a sustainable and successful SE. This research has policy implications findings common elements yet innovative approaches for establishing SE among NGOs in Bangladesh, in order to come up with institutional regulations in informal economy and instable political system.”
Jacques Prades. Revue internationale de l’économie sociale (RECMA), issue 338, novembre 2015.
Résumé issue du l’URL ci-haut: « L’innovation sociale est devenue, en quelques années, un concept tellement galvaudé qu’il entretient une large confusion dans les débats. Utilisé d’abord en Amérique du Nord (1), il s’est généralisé avec l’arrivée, dans les années 90, de la notion anglo-saxonne d’« entrepreneurs sociaux ». Introduit ensuite par des travaux initiés par la Communauté européenne (2), il est entré dans la loi française du 31 juillet 2014 relative à l’économie sociale et solidaire (ESS). L’objet de notre article n’est pas de dresser un inventaire des différentes acceptions de ce concept, mais plutôt de chercher, d’une part, à asseoir sa définition sur des fondements théoriques et, d’autre part, à tirer les conséquences pragmatiques de ce positionnement. Nous commencerons par l’innovation technologique, car c’est d’elle qu’il est question lorsque l’on évoque l’innovation sans donner d’autres précisions. Nous verrons cependant que cette définition masque des sous-entendus qui nous serviront pour définir l’innovation sociale. Cette définition peut déboucher sur deux approches : l’une collaborative, l’autre coopérative. Il importe de le préciser, car elles n’ont pas les mêmes implications en termes de projets politiques. Nous montrerons que la question de la propriété est au centre de ce qui les différencie. Un tableau de synthèse de ce raisonnement est présenté en annexe. »
Public Policies / Politicas Publicas
Jean-Louis Laville et Anne Salmon. Édition Desclée de Brouwer, Collection : Solidarité et société, 632 pages, Septembre 2015.
Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut : « Confrontées à de nouvelles contraintes, les associations ne sont pas condamnées à l'impuissance. Beaucoup combattent l'uniformisation et résistent à la dépression. Leurs répertoires d'action et leurs domaines d'intervention sont extrêmement variés. Il est difficile d'enfermer leurs activités, soit dans la prestation de services, soit dans le plaidoyer. Imbriquant l'économique, le social et le politique, elles décloisonnent et dérangent. Comment reconfigurent-elles l'action publique ? La réponse ne peut être définitive. Elle est à construire. Pour y contribuer, le livre s'appuie sur une diversité de cas en France et à l'étranger : centre social et régie de territoire, fédérations d'éducation populaire et de sport, associations sociale et médico-sociale, unions d'associations de solidarité, associations écologistes et de consommation, association pour le maintien d'une agriculture paysanne, associations de lutte contre le sida et de santé environnementale, associations culturelles, de microfinance, d'action communautaire, de garde pour la petite enfance, associations et coopératives d'économie solidaire ou de commerce équitable. Cet effort de réflexion repose sur une collaboration d'acteurs et de chercheurs qui s'enrichit d'une perspective internationale : Maroc, Tunisie, Espagne, Québec, Bolivie, Équateur… La pluralité de références et de points de vue ouvre à de nouvelles approches sur le rôle des associations en démocratie. »
Eneida Santiago and Silvio Yasui. Psicologia e Sociedade, volume 27, issue 3, pages 700-711, Novembre 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This article refers to the composition of the discursive field around the labor question, of social economy contribution, as extended by the mental health strategy. Through mapping and some analytical operators of Foucault (biopolitics, governmentality, normalization), we mapped the configuration of forces and clashes that elaborated the formation of Brazilian public policy regarding mental health and solidarity economy. In our analysis we point out an ambiguity presented in the documents regarding this work concept, the polysemy of terms and expressions used to designate labor activity, a significant discourse on the appreciation of insertion in the formal labor market via employment, and the lack of political and legal strategies that give sustainability to practical experiences. However, we highlight how the solidarity economy in mental health also differs by valuing work as a possibility of being social in a more integral way than the utilitarian and normative relations that capitalism heavily invests.”
K. LeRoux and M. K. Feeney. Routledge Edition, 400 pages, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This book makes a departure from existing nonprofit texts on the market: rather than focus on management, it focuses on nonprofit organizations and their contributions to the social, political, and economic dimensions of society. The book also covers the nexus between nonprofits and civil society. This text offers a theory-oriented undergraduate introduction to the nonprofit field and an examination of the multifaceted roles these organizations play in American society.”
John Casey. Ynne Rienner Publishers, 336 pages, October 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The book explores the expanding global reach of nonprofit organizations, examining the increasingly influential role not only of prominent NGOs that work on hot-button global issues, but also of the thousands of smaller, little-known organizations that have an impact on people's daily lives. What do these nonprofits actually do? How and why have they grown exponentially? How are they managed and funded? What organizational, political, and economic challenges do they face? Casey answers these questions and also, liberally using case studies, situates the evolution of the sector in the broader contexts of differing national environments and global public affairs. With its broad perspective, The Nonprofit World affords readers a thorough understanding of both the place of nonprofits in the global arena and the implications of their growing importance.”
Christine Verschuur, Isabelle Guérin et Isabelle Hillenkamp (sous-direction). Édition Harmattan, 300 pages, novembre 2015.
Résumé issu de l’URL ci-haut: « Comment expliquer le faible intérêt, dans la littérature sur l'économie sociale et solidaire, pour le genre et les théories féministes, alors que ces initiatives sont fortement genrées et que les femmes y sont surreprésentées? A quelles conditions ces initiatives sont-elles une opportunité de réinvention de l'économie, réencastrée dans le social et le politique et au service de la justice sociale et de genre ? L'économie solidaire peut-elle constituer une source d'émancipation pour les femmes ou non ?»
Laura E. Grant and Matthew Potoski. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management; volume 34, issue 4, pages 835-852, November 2015.