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ECO-SOC INFO, VOLUME 11, NUMÉRO 7, JUILLET 2016

Pour le format PDF, cliquer ici!

 

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

Board Processes, Board Strategic Involvement, and Organizational Performance in For-profit and Non-profit Organizations

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries

Social Capital, Household Income, and Community Development in Bhutan: a Case Study of a Dairy Cooperative

Iniciativas sociales, económicas y ambientales: su impacto en la opinión de la base asociativa de una Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito de Costa Rica

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

Factors Affecting Performance of Co-operatives in Malaysia

Gestion

Management / Gestión

Social Value as a Marketing Strategy in a Brazilian Credit Union

The Tactical Mimicry of Social Enterprise Strategies: Acting ‘as if’ in the Everyday Life of Third Sector Organizations

Formes et fondements de la créativité dans l’économie sociale et solidaire

Dinámicas de regeneración en las cooperativas multinacionales de Mondragón: la reproducción del modelo cooperativo en las filiales capitalistas

Clusters in the Solidarity Economy: the Strategy of Participating in Networks of Enterprises in Brazil

Les organisations hybrides

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

Innovation sociale et innovation radicale sont-elles contradictoires ? L’enjeu de formuler une mission sociale commune et générative

Quand une innovation sociale produit de l’innovation responsable. Une analyse par les capacités dynamiques appliquée aux petites organisations touristiques

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

Government and the Nonprofit Sector in Latin America

Policy Initiatives towards the Nonprofit Sector: Insights from the Israeli Case

Understanding the Implications of Government Ties for Nonprofit Operations and Functions

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

The Third Sector Delivering Public Services: Developments, Innovations and Challenges

Bottom-up Social Enterprises in Romania. Case Study – Retirees’ Mutual Aid Association

Autres

Other / Otros

Knowledge, Knowledge Mobilisation and the Third Sector

Numéro spécial

Special Issues / Ediciones especiales

Policy towards Nonprofits in International Perspective: Current Trends and Their Implications for Theory and Practice

Innovación social, tecnología y Trabajo Social

Varia

Guide définissant les conditions d’amélioration continue des bonnes pratiques des entreprises de l’économie sociale et solidaire

Accelerating Renewable Energy Co-operatives in Canada: A Review of Experiences and lessons

APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS

Calls for contributions / Convocatorias de artículos

ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR

Events / Eventos

 


 

 

 

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

 

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

 

Board Processes, Board Strategic Involvement, and Organizational Performance in For-profit and Non-profit Organizations

Hongjin Zhu, Pengji Wang and Chris Bart. Journal of Business Ethics, volume 136, issue 2, pages 311-328, June 2016.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10551-014-2512-1

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:Although corporate governance researchers have devoted considerable attention to the role of boards of directors in monitoring management and providing resources, less attention has been paid to whether and how they affect the strategic actions of firms in response to changing environments. Taking a process-based perspective, we examine how several prevalent board processes (i.e., board meetings, outside-board-meeting reviews and information utilization) affect the involvement of boards in strategic decision-making and how such involvement shapes organizational performance. Moreover, we offer an initial attempt to compare the strategic role of boards in for-profit and non-profit organizations. An investigation of 217 for-profit and 156 non-profit organizations in Canada indicates that different processes lead boards to different levels of strategic involvement, and that such effects are contingent on the types of organizations concerned. Moreover, boards that are active in strategic decision-making enhance the performance of their organizations. Our findings have implications for board research and practice.”

 

 

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

 

Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries

Simeon Karafolas (Ed.). Springer, 1st edition, 444 pages, June 2016.

http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319287836

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:This book offers a comparative analysis of credit cooperative systems across 23 European countries. Cooperative banking has an important place in the financial, economic and social life of most European countries, and while cooperative banks, credit mutuals, credit cooperatives and credit unions share the spirit of cooperation and mutuality, they often have very different features, history and development. The book examines the evolution and current model of each credit cooperative system, its importance for the national and local banking markets, as well as the impact of the financial crisis on cooperative banking, and also presents the sharp contrasts between these systems throughout the EU. It is of significant scientific and practical interest and enables policymakers, practitioners and academics at European and national levels to deepen their understanding of the evolution of the system and its governance.”

 

Social Capital, Household Income, and Community Development in Bhutan: a Case Study of a Dairy Cooperative

Galey Tenzin and Kaoru Natsuda. Development in Practice, volume 26, issue 4, pages 467-480, July 2016.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10
.1080/09614524.2016.1161731

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:Using a case of a dairy cooperative in Bhutan, this study investigates how social capital enhances individual household income and community development in rural areas. It also examines the influence of cooperatives in social capital formation. The study finds that social capital facilitates households that are resource-constrained by working together to reduce costs through economies of scale, enhancing information accessibility, building confidence, and strengthening teamwork. It fosters not only an improvement in the livelihoods of cooperative members, but also provides a positive influence for non-members and the community as a whole. The study also reveals that cooperatives influence formation of three forms of bonding, bridging, and linking social capitals. While bonding social capital facilitates strong teamwork among the members, bridging and linking social capitals connect the cooperatives with the outside networks and provides them more opportunities and services for its sustainability.”

 

Fundraising Policy Reform and its Impact on Nonprofits in China: A View from the Trenches
Ming Hu and Chao Guo. Nonprofit Policy Forum, volume 7, issue 2, pages 213-236, June 2016.

http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/npf.2016.7.issue-
2/npf-2016-0003/npf-2016-0003.xml

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:After decades of strict charitable solicitation regulation, the Chinese government has recently begun to experiment with fundraising policy reforms in some local jurisdictions. In this comparative study of two metropolitan cities, Shanghai and Guangzhou, we examine the nature, content, and scope of the reform and its impact on nonprofit organizations. Our archival analysis indicates that the new policies in both cities helped create a more supportive regulatory environment for the nonprofit sector, though they differed in the extent to which policy change departed from the status quo. Yet somewhat surprisingly, the reform elicited a lukewarm reaction from the nonprofit sector: only a very small fraction of nonprofit organizations actually fundraised under the new policies, and their performance varied remarkably. Our field work further reveals that many nonprofit leaders had reservations about the policy initiatives. Possible reasons for such reservations include fragmented policies on nonprofit registration and taxation, discretionary authorization system, and the weak fundraising capacity of nonprofits.”

 

The Contributions of Short Food Supply Chains to Territorial Development: A Study of Three Quebec Territories

Patrick Mundler and Sophie Laughrea. Journal of Rural Studies, volume 45, pages 218-229, April 2016.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science
/article/pii/S0743016716300547

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Short food supply chains (SFSCs) have undergone significant developments for roughly a decade, spurring the interest of producers, consumers and governments. A thorough review of the literature shows the various economic, social and environmental benefits associated with SFSCs across much of Europe and North America. However, these benefits have generally been analyzed in isolation from each other, with very few studies attempting to characterize them as a whole in a systemic fashion. This article aims to evaluate the contributions of SFSCs to territorial development in three contrasting Quebec territories. For this, we developed a model that is organized around four dimensions that are interlinked through systemic relations: farmers' welfare, local development, welfare of the community, and environmental protection. For each of these dimensions, we determined criteria and indicators in order to compare, whenever possible, the results obtained in this research with the available provincial data. Overall, our results show that, when considering the indicators chosen for this research, SFSCs mostly have a positive effect on the three territories targeted by our research. The most positive aspects of these systems are job creation, skills development for farmers, job satisfaction, and the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. The most neutral elements relate to revenues for farmers engaged in SFSCs, the economic weight of SFSCs within the local economy, the influence of SFSCs on the access to fresh and healthy food, and their effects on social cohesion.”

 

Iniciativas sociales, económicas y ambientales: su impacto en la opinión de la base asociativa de una Cooperativa de Ahorro y Crédito de Costa Rica

Paul Masís Solano, Irune Gómez Pescador Y Paula Arzadun. CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, número, el 86, junio 2016.

http://ciriec-revistaeconomia.es/index.php
?id_pagina=7&id_revista=96&ci=esp

Resumen proveniente del artículo: Los inicios del cooperativismo costarricense se remontan al siglo XIX, con unas primeras expresiones que perseguían la satisfacción de necesidades de productores y trabajadores agrícolas. En el año 1943, ya existiendo 23 empresas cooperativas, surgió la primera legislación a favor del sector. Actualmente existen 594 cooperativas de adultos y escolares, y 887.335 personas asociadas a ellas. De acuerdo con el último Censo Nacional Cooperativo (Instituto Nacional de Fomento Cooperativo – INFOCOOP, 2012), el 22,2% de las cooperativas costarricenses pertenece al sector de finanzas y seguros, ocupando el primer lugar en el ranking de principal actividad económica de las cooperativas. Entre ellas se encuentra CoopeAnde Nº1 R.L, foco de análisis de la presente investigación. Se trata de una entidad que surgió en el año 1965 con el propósito de brindar una solución financiera a personas del sector educación. Actualmente cuenta con 57.000 asociados en todo el país. A partir de un trabajo de campo realizado a nivel nacional entre los meses de diciembre de 2013 y febrero de 2014, con una muestra total de 2.223 casos, se pretende medir el impacto de una serie de iniciativas sociales, ambientales y económicas en la opinión de la base asociativa, así como su percepción y valoración respecto a temáticas socioeconómicas y ambientales.”

 

 

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

 

Factors Affecting Performance of Co-operatives in Malaysia

Hafizah Hammad Ahmad Khan, Mahazril Aini Yaacob, Hussin Abdullah and Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, volume 65, issue 5, pages 641-671, May 2016.

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/
full/10.1108/IJPPM-05-2014-0077

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting co-operatives performance by focusing on the roles of its intangible assets which are in the form of intellectual capital and members’ participation. Questionnaires have been distributed among co-operatives board of members of the 100 best co-operatives in Malaysia. This study used Pearson correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis to examine the impact of intellectual capital and members’ participation on the co-operatives performance and determine the most influencing factors that affect the performance. Results showed that there is a positive relationship between structural capital, relational capital and members’ participation with the co-operatives performance while human capital has been found to have a negative relationship. This is further supported by the findings based on the Multiple Regression Analysis whereby all the independent variables were found to be significant expect for structural capital. Based on the findings, this study proposed a model for co-operatives’ performance which is based on its intangible assets. Findings of this study would provide guidance for the co-operatives sector to improve its performance and indirectly help the government in realizing the nation economic goals. This study provided a better understanding on the performance of the co-operatives by focusing on the roles of its intangible assets. Apparently, there are very limited studies on intellectual capital which is based on co-operative framework and thereby this present study would fill in the gap. In addition, due to the objective of the co-operatives which differs from other types of organization, findings of this study might provide significant contribution on the study of intellectual capital.”

 

 

Gestion

Management / Gestión

 

Social Value as a Marketing Strategy in a Brazilian Credit Union

Edson Roberto Scharf, Germano Gehrke and Richard Perassi Luiz de Sousa. Revista Perspectivas Contemporâneas, volume 11, issue 1, pages 17-33, July 2016.

http://revista.grupointegrado.br/revista/index.php/
perspectivascontemporaneas/article/download/1984/774

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:The purpose is to examine the strategic Marketing direction of Brazil’s largest credit union adopted in order to enhance the social value of its brand. For this, a qualitative exploratory research, carried out by a triangulation of data from three in-depth interviews within a central credit union and an official published document was made. It is a single case study, with an expository rating, according to Yin (2003). The results indicated that engaging and relationship building actions can be efficient tools for the dissemination of cooperative principles and can be achieved at a lower cost than traditional banking marketing tools. This is the first study exploring the social value theme as a marketing strategy within credit unions in Brazil.”

 

The Tactical Mimicry of Social Enterprise Strategies: Acting ‘as if’ in the Everyday Life of Third Sector Organizations

Pascal Dey and Simon Teasdale. Organization, volume 23, issue 4, pages 485-504, July 2016.

 https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84973369136&origin=SingleRecordEmailAlert&txGid=0

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:Using England as a paradigmatic case of the ‘enterprising up’ of the third sector through social enterprise policies and programs, this article sheds light on practitioners’ resistance as enacted through dramaturgical identification with government strategies. Drawing from a longitudinal qualitative research study, which is interpreted via Michel de Certeau’s theory of the prosaic of the everyday, we present the case study of Teak, a charitable regeneration company, to illustrate how its Chief Executive Liam ‘acted as’ a social entrepreneur in order to gain access to important resources. Specifically, we establish ‘tactical mimicry’ as a sensitizing concept to suggest that third sector practitioners’ public identification with the normative premises of ‘social enterprise’ is part of a parasitical engagement with governmental power geared toward appropriating public money. While tactical mimicry conforms to governmental strategies only in order to exploit them, its ultimate aim is to increase potential for collective agency outside the direct influence of power. The contribution we make is threefold: first, we extend the recent debate on ‘productive resistance’ by highlighting how ‘playing the game’ without changing existing relations of power can nevertheless produce largely favorable outcomes. Second, we suggest that recognition of the potentiality of tactical mimicry requires methodologies that pay attention to the spatial and temporal dynamics of resistance. Finally, we argue that explaining the normalizing power of ‘social enterprise’ without consideration of the non-discursive, mainly financial resources made available to those who identify with it, necessarily risks overlooking a crucial element of the dramaturgical dynamic of discourse.”

 

Formes et fondements de la créativité dans l’économie sociale et solidaire

Monique Combes-Joret, Laëtitia Lethielleux (sous-direction). ÉPURE - Éditions et Presses universitaires de Reims, 330 pages, juin 2016.

http://www.lcdpu.fr/livre/?GCOI=27000100287750

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut : « Issu de la XVe rencontre du RIUESS qui s'est déroulée à Reims du 25 au 29 mai 2015, cet ouvrage témoigne de l'ampleur et du renouveau de la recherche contemporaine sur l’Economie sociale et solidaire (ESS), qui accompagnent l’ampleur et le renouveau de l’ESS elle-même: explosion du nombre de créations des Scop et des Scic, multiplication des monnaies complémentaires, ouverture des frontières de l’ESS à de nouvelles composantes entrepreneuriales, transformation rapide politiques des collectivités territoriales, évolution des formes de gestion et de management, figures inédites d’ancrages et de partenariats locaux… Ces mouvements rapides et profonds définissent des nouveaux enjeux et suscitent de nouvelles problématiques. La recherche sur l’ESS se complexifie et se démultiplie dans toutes les disciplines selon des objets de plus en plus différenciés et dans des cadres théoriques toujours plus riches. Les deux coordinatrices de cet ouvrage ont regroupé les contributions en trois parties centrées sur l’entreprise, le territoire et les problématiques transverses, trois parties placées sous le titre « Les créativités des entreprises de l’ESS ». Le terme de créativité n’est pas d’un usage si fréquent dans l’ESS qui, comme on sait, est associée depuis quarante ans à l’innovation. Il nous invite à déplacer sensiblement notre cadre d’analyse. »

 

Dinámicas de regeneración en las cooperativas multinacionales de Mondragón: la reproducción del modelo cooperativo en las filiales capitalistas

Ignacio Bretos Fernández y Anjel Errasti Amozarrain. CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, número, el 86, junio 2016.

http://ciriec-revistaeconomia.es/index.php?id
_pagina=7&id_revista=96&ci=esp

Resumen proveniente del artículo: “Tras dos décadas inmersas en dinámicas de internacionalización que han fortalecido su competitividad y capacidad de generación de empleo y riqueza pero que, a su vez, han cuestionado su naturaleza democrática tradicional, las cooperativas multinacionales de la División Industrial de Mondragón Corporación vienen asumiendo desde hace unos años un discurso centrado en fomentar la participación de los trabajadores en sus filiales capitalistas. Sin embargo, hasta ahora las iniciativas adoptadas en esta dirección son escasas y sus resultados no parecen excesivamente relevantes. El presente trabajo se centra en esta disociación, profundizando en la problemática y las posibles soluciones para extender y reproducir el modelo cooperativo en las filiales mercantiles. Analizamos el caso de Fagor Ederlan, focalizando nuestro estudio empírico en la “cooperativización” de su filial de Tafalla, así como investigaremos la casuística más relevante que se concentra en sus filiales extranjeras.”

 

Clusters in the Solidarity Economy: the Strategy of Participating in Networks of Enterprises in Brazil

Maria de Nazaré Moraes Soares, Bruno Souza Lessa, Italo Cavalcante Aguiar, Aurio Lucio Leocadi, Silvia Maria Dias Y Pedro Rebouças. CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, número, el 86, junio 2016.

http://ciriec-revistaeconomia.es/index.php?id
_pagina=7&id_revista=96&ci=esp

Resumen proveniente del artículo: la economía es siempre una construcción social y no puede separarse de la sociedad (Polanyi 2011, Laville, 2014). La Economía Solidaria prioriza el desarrollo local y humano a través de las prácticas de cooperación y autogestión. El debate actual sobre la Economía Solidaria hace hincapié en la necesidad de estrategias para fortalecer las empresas mediante la formación de redes de cooperación, debido a la dificultad de acceso al mercado, lo que se pueden identificar también en el contexto internacional (Spear, 2000, 2004, Borzaga 2005 Young, 2007 Grassl, 2012). El objetivo del estudio fue investigar, mediante um enfoque cuantitativo multivariado, si la organización en redes de cooperación fortalece las empresas. Para ello, se analizó la base de datos nacional de la encuesta realizada en Brasil durante el período 2010 a 2013, que comprende una muestra de 9.897 empresas. Los resultados corroboraron con la literatura de referencia, lo que demuestra que la formación de redes, de hecho difiere positivamente eses emprendimientos.”

 

Les organisations hybrides

Chantal Hervieux, Jean-Mathieu Fallu et Marie-France Turcotte. Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research, volume 7, issue 1, pages 5-21, Spring 2016.

 http://www.anserj.ca/anser/index.php/cjnser/article/view/203

 Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut: « Dans cet article, nous étudions les organisations hybrides, c’est-à-dire celles de l’entrepreneuriat social et de l’entrepreneuriat durable. Ces organisations, plutôt que de choisir entre les exigences contradictoires posées par les objectifs doubles (social et économique) ou triples (social, économique et environnemental) qu’elles s’efforcent d’atteindre, choisissent d’accepter les tensions créées par la poursuite d’objectifs contradictoires. L’étude permet, à partir d’une analyse de regroupement réalisée auprès de 244 PME, d’identifier et de distinguer trois principaux types d’organisation, soit les PME commerciales, les PME d’entreprenariat social et les PME d’entrepreneuriat durable. En outre, ces types de PME, dont les caractéristiques structurelles (taille, âge, revenus) ne sont pas différentes, diffèrent en ce qui concerne l’actualisation de l’orientation entrepreneuriale et de l’orientation envers le marché.»

 

 

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

 

Innovation sociale et innovation radicale sont-elles contradictoires ? L’enjeu de formuler une mission sociale commune et générative

Kevin Levillain, Marine Agogué et Elsa T. Berthet. Revue française de gestion, volume 42 issue 255, pages 41-55, mars 2016.  

http://rfg.revuesonline.com/articles/lvrfg/
abs/2016/02/rfg00021/rfg00021.html

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut : « Rejetant l’idée selon laquelle les entrepreneurs sociaux sont intrinsèquement innovants, cet article explore en quoi la formulation de la mission sociale peut être un levier pour l’innovation radicale. Par l’étude longitudinale d’une PME spécialisée dans le traitement de la malnutrition, il montre l’enjeu pour cette entreprise de renouveler régulièrement sa mission de façon à impliquer les partenaires pertinents et stimuler l’exploration de voies conceptuelles nouvelles. Formuler une mission commune et générative semble être une condition pour l’innovation sociale radicale. »

 

Quand une innovation sociale produit de l’innovation responsable. Une analyse par les capacités dynamiques appliquée aux petites organisations touristiques

Corinne Van der Yeught et Véronique Bon. Revue française de gestion, volume 42 issue 255, pages 27-40, mars 2016.  

http://rfg.revuesonline.com/articles/lvrfg/abs/2016/02/rfg00030/rfg00030.html

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut : « Cet article examine comment une démarche expérimentale initiée par une organisation de l’économie sociale et solidaire stimule les capacités d’innovation responsable de petites organisations artisanales et touristiques mises en réseau dans le Sud de la France en développant leur capital social et en favorisant les apprentissages grâce à diverses expérimentations. Fondée sur une étude de cas longitudinale avec design enchâssé, la recherche opérationnalise le concept de capacités dynamiques afin de révéler les processus à l’origine des innovations responsables observées. »

 

 

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

 

Government and the Nonprofit Sector in Latin America

Appe Susan M. Layton and Michael Dennis.  Nonprofit Policy Forum, volume 7, issue 2, pages 117–135, June 2016.

http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/npf.2016.7.
issue-2/npf-2014-0028/npf-2014-0028.xml

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: In Latin America, policy debates about civil society legal frameworks are occurring in a context of democratic transition in which the parameters of the public sphere are contested, with governments, political parties, and nonprofits seeking to carve out territory. It is important to underline that this area of law is often contested, with civil society advocating for a more favorable enabling environment and the government often seeking to place restrictions on the activities and legal status of civil society organizations, which it often perceives as a rival. Policy toward civil society and nonprofit organizations can also be part of greater shifts to the logics of development, for example, by producing symbolic links to national value and belief systems (Appe 2013). The question emerges, what conceptual lenses and explanatory factors can best illuminate these variations? The cases presented here highlight a mixed bag of regulatory environments. On the one hand, countries have outdated and/or hostile legal frameworks and lingering distrust, misunderstanding and even animosity between government and the nonprofit sector. On the other, they feature constitutional or legal recognition of freedom of association and the importance of an independent sector. In this article we will draw upon the extant literature to illuminate a complex relationship between Latin American governments and their nonprofit sectors.”

 

Policy Initiatives towards the Nonprofit Sector: Insights from the Israeli Case

Michal Almog-Bar. Nonprofit Policy Forum, volume 7, issue 2, pages 237–256, June 2016.

http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/npf.2016.7.
issue-2/npf-2016-0005/npf-2016-0005.xml

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above