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ECO-SOC INFO, VOLUME 11, NUMÉRO 2, FÉVRIER 2016

Pour le format PDF, cliquer ici!

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

Les trois dimensions de la gouvernance coopérative agricole, le cas des coopératives vinicoles du Languedoc-Roussillon

The Logic of A Co-Operative Economy and Democracy 2.0: Recovering the Possibilities for Autonomy, Creativity, Solidarity, and Common Purpose

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

Outstanding fundraising practice: how do nonprofits substantively increase their income?

La régulation solidaire en Kabylie l’exemple du village de Tifilkout

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

The Impact of Employee Compensation and Financial Performance on Nonprofit Organization Donations

Perspectives on Social Impact Measurement and Non-profit Organisations

Forging a Strategic and Comprehensive Approach to Evaluation Within Public and Nonprofit Organizations: Integrating Measurement and Analytics Within Evaluation

Social Value and Economic Value in Social Enterprises: Value Creation Model of Spanish Sheltered Workshops

Knowing and Governing: The Mapping of the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector as Statecraft

Gestion

Management / Gestión

Tournant gestionnaire dans les structures associatives d’accueil de jeunes enfants : vers une remise en cause de la qualité des services

Producing and Reducing Gender Inequality in A Worker-Recovered Cooperative

Diversity in the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector

Nonprofit Organizations Becoming Business-Like: A Systematic Review

Strategy and Structure in High-Performing Nonprofits: Insights from Iberoamerican Cases

Banques coopératives : de l’idéal solidaire à la réalité des salaires

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

La transformation sociale par l'innovation sociale (livre)

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

‘Best of Both Worlds’? A Comparison of Third Sector Providers in Health Care and Welfare‐to‐Work Markets in Britain

La structuration politique de l’ESS à l’épreuve du territoire Analyse d’une organisation départementale de représentation de l’ESS

Winning a Battle but Losing the War? Third Sector and Social Policy in Latin America: The Case of Uruguay

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

'Just sisters doing business between us': Gender, social entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial resilience in rural Malaysia

Social Enterprise Among University-Based Centers in US Schools of Social Work

Les coopératives d’activités et d’emploi : accompagner autrement pour entreprendre autrement

AUTRES

Other / Otros

Religion and social economics (a systemic theory of organic unity)

Uses of Macro Social Theory: A Social Housing Case Study

VARIA

Panorama sectoriel des entreprises coopératives

APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS

Calls for contributions / Convocatorias de artículos

ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR

Events / Eventos

 

 

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

 

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

 

Les trois dimensions de la gouvernance coopérative agricole, le cas des coopératives vinicoles du Languedoc-Roussillon

Louis-Antoine Saïsset. Revue Internationale de l’Économie Sociale (RECMA), issue 339, février 2016.

http://www.recma.org/article/les-trois-
dimensions-de-la-gouvernance-cooperative
-agricole-le-cas-des-cooperatives

Résumé issu de l’URL cité ci-haut: «Les coopératives agricoles, qui constituent un mode organisationnel original, subissent de profondes restructurations. Dans le secteur viticole en Languedoc-Roussillon notamment, les types de gouvernance sont en pleine évolution. L’objet de notre travail est d’analyser et de caractériser ce système de gouvernance spécifique, à travers l’étude qualitative de vingt-cinq entretiens avec des dirigeants de coopératives vinicoles du Languedoc-Roussillon. Les principaux résultats montrent l’originalité des organes de gouvernance des coopératives agricoles, se caractérisant par des relations complexes. En outre, grâce à l’analyse textuelle des retranscriptions d’entretiens, nous montrons que la gouvernance coopérative agricole comporte trois dimensions complémentaires dont l’importance est variable d’une coopérative à l’autre : dimension disciplinaire, dimension partenariale et dimension cognitive. »

 

The Logic of A Co-Operative Economy and Democracy 2.0: Recovering the Possibilities for Autonomy, Creativity, Solidarity, and Common Purpose

Joyce Rothschild. The Sociological Quarterly, volume 57, issue 1, pages 7-35, February 2016.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10
.1111/tsq.12138/abstract

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Over the past 30 years, the collectivist-democratic form of organization has presented a growing alternative to the bureaucratic form, and it has proliferated, here and around the world. This form is manifest, for example, within micro-credit groups, workers’ co-operatives, nongovernmental organizations, advocacy groups, self-help groups, community and municipal initiatives, social movement organizations, and in many nonprofit groups in general. It is most visible in the civil society sector, but demands for deeper participation are also evident in communities and cities, and the search for more involving and less bureaucratic structures has spread into many for-profit firms as well. Building on research on this form of organization, this article develops a model of the decisional processes utilized in such organizations and contrasts these “Democracy 2.0” standards for decision making from the Democracy 1.0 (representative and formal) standards that previously prevailed. Drawing on a new generation of research on these sorts of organizations, this article and this special section discuss: (a) how consensus decisional processes are being made more efficient; (b) how such organizations are now able to scale to fairly large size while still retaining their local and participatory basis; (c) how such organizations are cultivating a more diverse membership and using such diversity to build more democratic forms of governance; (d) how such organizations are combatting ethnoracial and gender inequalities that prevail in the surrounding society; and (e) how emotions are getting infused into the public conversations within these organizations and communities.”

 

 

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

 

Outstanding fundraising practice: how do nonprofits substantively increase their income?

Adrian Sargeant and Jen Shang. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, volume 21, issue 1, pages 43-56, February 2016.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002
/nvsm.1546/abstract?campaign=woletoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:In this paper, we examine the characteristics of charities that have generated substantive increases in their fundraising income. We interviewed 25 fundraising directors and team members, from organizations experiencing rapid growth, adopting a “decoding the discipline” approach to identify how each organization had overcome key barriers to its success. We identify that fundraising leaders in these exceptional nonprofits focus particularly on matters connected to their team, organizational structures that support that team, and the development of an organization-wide learning culture. We also find that these teams were successful because of the “systems” way in which they understood and coped with the complexities of decision making. They were exceptional in isolating the right problems and exceptional too in the processes they adopted to solve them.”

 

La régulation solidaire en Kabylie l’exemple du village de Tifilkout

Mohamed-Amokrane Zoreli. Revue Internationale de l’Économie Sociale (RECMA), issue 339, février 2016.

http://www.recma.org/article/la-regulation
-solidaire-en-kabylie-lexemple-du-village-de-tifilkout

Résumé issu de l’URL cité ci-haut: « Dans le contexte algérien actuel, la main visible de l’Etat régulateur n’atteint pas les villages de montagne et le marché tend à accentuer la précarité des populations. Dans cette situation, l’idée que la régulation solidaire apparaisse en réaction à un cadre désespérant et par le biais de mécanismes internes opérants prend tout son sens. Suivant la méthode des fondateurs du solidarisme, cet article montre qu’en Kabylie, la régulation solidaire peut constituer une alternative réalisée dans la culture de la fraternité face à la défaillance irrémédiable des mécanismes classiques de régulation. »

 

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

 

The Impact of Employee Compensation and Financial Performance on Nonprofit Organization Donations

Wenli Yan and Margaret F. Sloan. The American Review of Public Administration, volume 46, issue 2, pages 243-258, March 2016.

http://arp.sagepub.com/content/46/2/243?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This study focuses on the complex interaction between employee compensation and organizational financial performance. In particular, we investigate the impact of higher than median employee compensation on nonprofit donations and whether such impact is conditional on the financial performance of the organization. Using recent panel data from 10,206 nonprofit organizations across multiple tax designations, we test the hypotheses with Tobit maximum likelihood estimation that incorporates measures of employee compensation, financial performance, financial capacity, and controls for state factors and nonprofit type. Findings demonstrate that employee compensation above the median is unfavorable for donations overall; however, the negative effect is mitigated by sound financial performance. This study highlights the collective impact that exists between financial performance and employee compensation on organizational donative resources, directly speaks to an organization’s internal capacity to raise private revenue, and adds subtlety to the ongoing discussions of how much is enough compensation for high-quality nonprofit leadership.”

 

Perspectives on Social Impact Measurement and Non-profit Organisations

Michael Jay Polonsky, Stacy Landreth Grau and Sharyn McDonald. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, volume 43, issue 1, pages 80-98, February 2016.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mcb
/020/2016/00000034/00000001/art00005

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Acknowledgement of the social impact created by organisations has become an increasingly frequent discussion among practitioners. The importance of such value creation cannot be understated, yet in an increasingly competitive funding environment, the need to articulate “true” value is paramount. The purpose of this paper is to examine how Australian and US managers of non-profit organisations (NPOs) and foundations view the measurement of the social impact of NPOs. The paper includes 19 in-depth interviews of non-profit professionals in the USA and Australia. Respondents included non-profit managers, foundation managers and consultants in both countries. The in-depth interviews found that in both countries respondents generally agreed that objective measures of impact are desirable, but recognised the difficulties in developing objective assessment frameworks enabling comparisons across the non-profit sector. These difficulties, as well as the implications for developing assessments of social value for NPOs, are discussed. This paper demonstrates that there is an opportunity to reposition reporting expectations. The NPO sector can pool together and build on each other’s strengths and market their outcomes as a collective entity. A sector-wide approach provides potential for much needed within-sector mentoring and will showcase the rich and varied outcomes generated by NPOs. This research compares viewpoints in two Western countries, thus offering at least an exploratory examination of social impact assessment from an international perspective. Additionally, this research shows commonalities in terms of what is valued and what is most difficult for non-profits when determining social impact.”

 

Forging a Strategic and Comprehensive Approach to Evaluation Within Public and Nonprofit Organizations: Integrating Measurement and Analytics Within Evaluation

Kathryn Newcomer and Clinton T. Brass. American Journal of Evaluation, volume 37, issue 1, pages 80-99, March 2016.

http://aje.sagepub.com/content/37/1/80?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The “performance movement” has been a subject of enthusiasm and frustration for evaluators. Performance measurement, data analytics, and program evaluation have been treated as different tasks, and those addressing them speak their own languages in their own circles. We suggest that situating performance measurement and data analytics within the broader field of evaluation would be theoretically parsimonious and fruitful. Scholars and practitioners of performance measurement and analytics may profitably use an evaluation mind-set and frame their tasks within the multidisciplinary field of evaluation practice. With this change in mind-set, we discuss some implications of viewing measurement, analytics, and other evaluation-related capacities within public organizations as part of an integrated, evaluation mission-support function. Working with other mission-support functions, evaluation capacity could be used by operating units to improve learning, strategy, and performance and better accomplish the mission. We outline steps that could be considered to help forge a more strategic and comprehensive approach to evaluation in public and nonprofit organizations.”

 

Social Value and Economic Value in Social Enterprises: Value Creation Model of Spanish Sheltered Workshops

Ana J. Bellostas, Francisco J. López-Arceiz and Lydia Mateos. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 27, issue 1, pages 367-391, February 2016.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11266-015-9554-6

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Currently, social enterprise represents a clear commitment of the European Union (EU) to generate socially responsible economy. Sheltered Workshops are a manifestation of this phenomenon. Their study raises interest because they are able to create value by combining a social purpose with a commercial activity. Thus, we intend to analyze the relationship between the social impact and the economic returns of these entities. In Spain, results show a strong interaction between social value (proxy for social impact) and economic value (proxy for economic returns), which allows us to state that it is possible to develop socially responsible and financially viable activities. In addition, the estimation using instrumental variables reveals that economic value is the result of the social strategy that takes precedence in managing Sheltered Workshops.”

 

Knowing and Governing: The Mapping of the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector as Statecraft

Patricia Mooney Nickel, Angela M. Eikenberry. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 27, issue 1, pages 392-408, February 2016.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007
/s11266-015-9552-8

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Recent debate in Voluntas and elsewhere has paid a great deal of attention to the subject of mapping the nonprofit sector. However, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the practice of mapping is a political mode of knowing and the ways in which knowing is governing. In this essay, we turn to critical theory and political anthropology in order to demonstrate how mapping as it is currently practiced is a mode of knowledge inquiry that facilitates statecraft. In light of these interdisciplinary perspectives, we wrestle with the implications of knowing—and thereby governing—voluntary collective organization in this manner. We conclude that this approach potentially disciplines the qualitative dimensions of democratic associational life and misrepresents the possibilities of social change.”

 

Gestion

Management / Gestión

 

Tournant gestionnaire dans les structures associatives d’accueil de jeunes enfants : vers une remise en cause de la qualité des services

Audrey Biegel et Vincent Lhuillier. Revue Internationale de l’Économie Sociale (RECMA), issue 339, février 2016.

http://www.recma.org/article/tournant-gestionnaire
-dans-les-structures-associatives-daccueil-de
-jeunes-enfants-vers-une

Résumé issue de l’URL cité ci-haut: « La réforme du financement des établissements d'accueil de jeunes enfants par les CAF traduit le « tournant gestionnaire » qu'a dû prendre le secteur dans la période récente. Cette réforme crée des tensions multiples qui remettent fondamentalement en cause le modèle de qualité que défendent les structures associatives, a fortiori parentales. Dans cette recherche, nous avons procédé à une analyse détaillée des tensions que cette réforme implique sur différentes dimensions jouant un rôle déterminant dans la qualité des services fournis.»

 

Producing and Reducing Gender Inequality in A Worker-Recovered Cooperative

Katherine Sobering. The Sociological Quarterly, volume 57, issue 1, pages 129-151, Winter 2016.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tsq.12112/pdf

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Decades of feminist scholarship documents the persistence of gender inequality in work organizations. Yet few studies explicitly examine gender inequality in collectivist organizations like worker cooperatives. This article draws on the “theory of gendered organizations” to consider how gender operates in a worker-recovered cooperative in contemporary Argentina. Based on ethnographic and archival research in Hotel B.A.U.E.N., this article finds that although gender remains a salient feature of the workplace, the cooperative has also adopted policies that take steps toward addressing gender inequality. It concludes by offering an updated theoretical framework for the future study of “gendered organizations.”

 

Diversity in the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector

Judith Y. Weisinger, Ramón Borges-Méndez and Carl Milofsky. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 45, issue 1 (IS), pages 3-27, February 2016.

http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/45/1_suppl/3S?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: In this introductory essay to the special issue of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly on diversity, we begin by reviewing management research on diversity in nonprofits. The preponderance of this research focuses on demographic representation. While more contemporary approaches emphasize inclusion in decision making, even this approach falls significantly short because group categorization and identity have become increasingly complex and fluid. We ultimately explore a values approach to diversity, where the fact that people are inherently diverse is recognized and valued in all organizational activities. The final section of this introduction reviews articles included in the special issue. We conclude that the diversity concept must move well beyond a managerial approach to include broader social theories, giving deep consideration to concepts of identity, power dynamics and hidden interest conflicts in diversity efforts, and the ways that societal diversity affects the dynamics of volunteering and the structuring of nonprofit organizations.”

 

Nonprofit Organizations Becoming Business-Like: A Systematic Review

Florentine Maier, Michael Meyer and Martin Steinbereithner. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 45, issue 1, pages 64-86, February 2016.

http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/45/1/64?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: By now, the becoming business-like of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) is a well-established global phenomenon that has received ever-growing attention from management and organization studies. However, the field remains hard to grasp in its entirety, as researchers use a multitude of similar, yet distinct, key concepts. The considerable range and complexity of these overlapping notions create major challenges: Scholars struggle to position their work in a larger context; it is not easy to build on previous findings and methodological developments; and research gaps are difficult to identify. The present article presents the first systematic literature review to confront those challenges by reviewing 599 relevant sources. In a first step, various key concepts are clarified. Second, the field is mapped according to three research foci: causes of NPOs becoming business-like, organizational structures and processes of becoming business-like, and effects of becoming business-like. From this, we draw conclusions and make suggestions for further research.”

 

Strategy and Structure in High-Performing Nonprofits: Insights from Iberoamerican Cases

Enrique Ogliastri, Urs P. Jäger and Andrea M. Prado. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 27, issue 1, pages 222-248, February 2016.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11266-015-9560-8

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Some nonprofits evolve from small into large international organizations. For years, “structure follows strategy” (Chandler) has been the dictum to explain organizational strategic changes like the ones in nonprofits. But scholars also recognized organization structure to be a precondition to carry out certain strategies. Nevertheless, research on structure and strategy in nonprofits is limited. This paper explores the mutual influence of organization structure and strategy in high-performing nonprofits in Iberoamerica based on a secondary analysis of 20 unpublished research cases of the Social Enterprise Knowledge Network. It follows the research question: Which organizations’ strategies and structures characterize high-performing nonprofits over time? Four types of organizing patterns emerged: starting-up, professionalizing, decentralizing, and conglomerating.”

 

Banques coopératives : de l’idéal solidaire à la réalité des salaires

Gilles Caire, Pascal Glémain et Sophie Nivoix. Revue Internationale de l’Économie Sociale (RECMA), issue 339, février 2016.

http://www.recma.org/article/banques-cooperatives
-de-lideal-solidaire-la-realite-des-salaires

Résumé issue de l’URL cité ci-haut: « Interroger les rémunérations dans l’économie sociale et solidaire (ESS) en général est une question sensible. Cela l’est tout autant dans le secteur bancaire, dont l’image n’est pas des plus positives depuis la crise dite des subprimes de 2008. Traiter des rémunérations au sein des banques coopératives devient dès lors une entreprise doublement délicate. De plus, si la question de l’emploi dans l’ESS et de sa qualité a déjà été abordée par les travaux de Richez-Battesti et alii (1), il n’existe pas à notre connaissance d’état des lieux des rémunérations au sein des groupes bancaires coopératifs. Dans le cadre de cet article, nous proposons une première analyse comparative entre les banques coopératives et les banques capitalistes (2). A la question « les salariés des établissements bancaires coopératifs sont-ils plus ou moins bien rémunérés que ceux qui travaillent dans les établissements bancaires commerciaux ? », nous tentons d’apporter une réponse de la façon la plus objective possible, en nous appuyant sur les données des documents de référence publics (rapports d’activité, rapports financiers, rapports RSE) et des bilans sociaux (lorsqu’ils sont disponibles) des cinq grands groupes bancaires privés français coopératifs ou commerciaux : Crédit agricole-LCL (CA), BPCE, Crédit mutuel- CIC (CM), BNP Paribas (BNPP) et Société générale (SG). Après un bref rappel de l’état des connaissances quant aux rémunérations dans l’économie sociale reposant sur l’analyse des déclarations annuelles de données sociales (DADS), nous observons les rémunérations moyennes dans les banques, puis les inégalités qui transparaissent au travers des grilles salariales. Ensuite, nous nous intéressons aux rémunérations hors salaire, à savoir la participation, l’intéressement, voire l’abondement lorsqu’il était mentionné. Enfin, il nous a paru nécessaire de comparer la situation des hommes et des femmes, ainsi que celle des mandataires sociaux et des administrateurs. Ces divers éléments sont abordés à la fois au niveau national des groupes et au niveau de trois caisses régionales coopératives. »

 

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

 

La transformation sociale par l'innovation sociale (livre)

Juan-Luis Klein, Annie Camus, Christian Jetté, Christine Champagne, Matthieu Roy (s. direction). Presse de l’Université du Québec, collection : Innovation Sociale,  494 pages, février 2016.

http://www.puq.ca/catalogue/livres/transformation
-sociale-par-innovation-sociale-2878.html

Résumé issu de l’URL ci-haut : « Les innovations sociales, à la manière de bougies d’allumage, engendrent des actions collectives qui proposent des solutions différentes de celles des pratiques dominantes en mettant l’économie au service des personnes et de la société. Or la simple multiplication des innovations sociales ne peut générer la transformation sociale à elle seule. La mise en relation des mouvements sociaux et de leur visée émancipatoire est nécessaire pour façonner de nouvelles normes et règles et mettre en place de nouveaux sentiers institutionnels. Ce sont certains de ces nouveaux sentiers que montrent les textes regroupés dans cet ouvrage. Fruit du ive Colloque international du Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales, il expose les enjeux que pose la transformation sociale par l’innovation sociale et les documente par des illustrations ciblées sur des thématiques ou des expériences précises. Une discussion théorique sur le lien entre l’innovation sociale et la transformation sociale est d’abord proposée, puis les méthodes d’analyse de l’innovation sociale, le partage de connaissance entre les chercheurs et les acteurs sociaux, le rôle de l’État et des politiques publiques, l’économie solidaire et la place de l’entreprise sociale sont abordés. L’ensemble des textes analytiques et des textes illustratifs de cet ouvrage offre des pistes de réflexion sur la transformation sociale par l’inno-vation sociale, c’est-à-dire sur la façon dont certaines expérimentations aboutissent à la transformation de la société. L’ouvrage met ainsi de l’avant le rôle des citoyens et des organisations qui travaillent pour le bien-être des collectivités en expérimentant des solutions à leurs problèmes et en se mobilisant pour exiger leur reconnaissance. Il vise à poser les jalons pour comprendre et participer à la reconstruction sociale déjà à l’œuvre, dans le but de la renforcer. »

 

 

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

 

 

‘Best of Both Worlds’? A Comparison of Third Sector Providers in Health Care and Welfare‐to‐Work Markets in Britain

Heins Elke and Bennett Hayley. Social Policy and Administration, volume 50, issue 1, pages 39-58, January 2016.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpl
/spol/2016/00000050/00000001/art00003

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This article compares the welfare markets in primary health care and ‘welfaretowork in the UK since the late 1990s. A longitudinal comparison of two different policy areas enables us to study the context in which marketization and the resulting shift of welfare provision takes place. We outline the general background of the marketbased reforms and highlight in what way policymakers have ascribed third sector organizations (TSOs) a number of positive characteristics, particularly the ability to address concerns about wellknown market failures. While consecutive governments promoted these organizations as welfare providers, case studies of two illustrative provider organizations in each policy area reveal a number of problems regarding their distinctiveness in increasingly competitive welfare markets.”

 

La structuration politique de l’ESS à l’épreuve du territoire Analyse d’une organisation départementale de représentation de l’ESS

Jean-Joël Fraizy. Revue Internationale de l’Économie Sociale (RECMA), issue 339, Février 2016.

http://www.recma.org/article/la-structuration-politique
-de-less-lepreuve-du-territoire-analyse-dune-organisation

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut: « Le phénomène de la représentation est caractéristique des relations entre Etat et société et concerne l’ensemble des champs du monde social. Il reste pourtant un objet d’étude peu abordé en ce qui concerne l’ESS. A partir d’une approche en science politique, nous proposons une analyse de l’activité de représentation politique de l’ESS dans une organisation départementale. Nous revenons sur les différentes étapes de la création de cette dernière, puis nous déclinons les référentiels qui composent le mode de représentation de l’ESS en son sein. Enfin, nous exposons en quoi cette structure nous apparaît dans ce cadre comme une organisation patronale originale. »

 

Winning a Battle but Losing the War? Third Sector and Social Policy in Latin America: The Case of Uruguay

Cecilia Rossel. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 27, issue 1, pages 146-165, February 2016.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11266-015-9569-z

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This paper analyzes some aspects of the third sector’s involvement process in the provision of public social services. Using evidence garnered in previous research based on in-depth interviews, I offer elements toward an assessment of the consequences this process has produced not only in terms of the gains and losses it has produced for social policy, but also for the very identity and constitutive characteristics of the third sector. The evidence hereby compiled strengthens skepticism toward the hypothesis that sees a transformative potential in the role of the third sector in social policy in Latin America. This skepticism arises from issues detected by involved actors themselves and that are linked to the weakness of the sector as a whole.”

 

 

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

 

'Just sisters doing business between us': Gender, social entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial resilience in rural Malaysia

Adnan Airil Haimi Mohd, Jaafar Riza Emifazura, Nasir Zarul Azhar and Mohtar Nor Marini. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, volume 17, issue 2-3, pages 273-288, February 2016. 

http://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-
84953426372&origin=SingleRecordEmailAlert&txGid
=71DC4BEEDB0E40203F11B7B892D91B7A.WlW
7NKKC52nnQNxjqAQrlA%3a1

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: