Page Functions
Common Tasks
Add New Page Current Page Settings Delete Current Page Copy Current Page Preview Current Page
Add Settings Delete Copy Preview
Module:     Pane:     Add New Module
Title:     Insert:     Add
Visibility:     Align:      
Build Site Wizard Edit Site Settings Add New User Add New File Help
Wizard Site Users Files Help
ContentPane

      
ECO-SOC INFO, VOLUME 9, NUMÉRO 02, FÉVRIER 2014

Pour le format PDF, cliquer ici!

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE Financement

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

Situating the Eco-social Economy: Conservation Initiatives and Environmental Organizations as Catalysts for Social and Economic Development

Une histoire de la coopération agricole de production en France

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

Evaluer l’impact social d’une entreprise sociale: points de repère

A Unified Model of Non-profit Sport Organizations Performance: Perspectives from the Literature

The Social and Economic Mission of Social Enterprises: Dimensions, Measurement, Validation, and Relation

Evaluation and Social Impact Measurement Amongst Small to Medium Social Enterprises: Process, Purpose and Value

Gestion

Management / Gestión

Nonprofit Founders and Succession: How to Ensure an Effective Leadership Handover

Taking Your Eyes off the Objective: the Relationship between Income Sources and Satisfaction with Achieving Objectives in the UK Third Sector

Les principes mutualistes confrontés aux modalités de regroupement des organismes complémentaires d’assurance maladie

How Small Charities Formulate Marketing Responses to Major Reductions in Income: A Study of Nonprofit Contemporary Dance Companies

Lessons from Resource Dependence Theory for Contemporary Public and Nonprofit Management

Care Provision, Empowerment, and Market Forces: The Art of Establishing Legitimacy for Work Integration Social Enterprises (WISEs).

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

Social Innovations for Social Cohesion: Transnational Patterns and Approaches from 20 European Cities (e-book)

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (book)

The Nonprofit Catallaxy: An Austrian Economics Perspective on the Nonprofit Sector

International Handbook of Cooperative Law (book)

On the Frontiers: The Implications of Social Entrepreneurship for International Entrepreneurship

Exploring Stewardship as an Antecedent Behavioural Trait of Social Entrepreneurs

AUTRES

Other / Otros

Conducting case study research in non-profit organisations

La coopération internationale solidaire (Livre)

NUMÉROS SPÉCIAUX

Special Issues / Ediciones especiales

Derecho cooperativo

VARIA

Providing clean energy and energy access through cooperatives

ACTIVITÉS DE RECHERCHE ET DE FORMATION

Research and formation activities / Actividades de investigación y formación

APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS

Calls for contributions/ Convocatorias de artículos

ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR

Events / Eventos

 

 

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

 

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE Financement

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

 

Situating the Eco-social Economy: Conservation Initiatives and Environmental Organizations as Catalysts for Social and Economic Development

Nathan J. Bennett and Rynald H. Lemelin. Community Development Journal, volume 49, issue 1, pages, 69- 84, February 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The social economy is a third sector of the economy, besides the public and private sectors that provides critical social and economic services to society. Though there is broad recognition that both society and economy are dependent on functioning and healthy ecosystems, theories and definitions of the social economy rarely include reference to environmental and conservation-focused activities or outcomes. This paper empirically situates the concept of an eco-social economy within the context of a community conservation initiative. Through a case study of the Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation and the Thaidene Nene Protected Area in northern Canada, this paper demonstrates that: (i) for indigenous people, conservation is as much a social, economic, political, and cultural endeavour as it is about the protection of nature; (ii) outside environmental non-governmental organizations are also aligning their conservation mandates with the broader social, economic, and cultural goals of northern indigenous communities; and (iii) local social economy organizations are emerging to advocate for conservation as a means to achieve social and economic development ends. These examples compel us to envisage a social economy that incorporates environmental organizations and conservation initiatives and movements and that makes explicit a distinct eco-social economy. This theoretical concept has global applicability.

 

Une histoire de la coopération agricole de production en France

Serge Cordellier. Revue internationale de l’économie sociale (RECMA), numéros 331, janvier 2013.

 http://recma.org/node/3898

Résumé issu de l’URL ci-haut : « Les coopératives d’utilisation de matériel agricole (Cuma) et les groupements agricoles d’exploitation en commun (Gaec) constituent des formes d’agriculture de groupe relativement bien connues. Il est utile de se pencher sur d’autres formes sociétaires, dont certaines entendaient s’inscrire dans la tradition de la coopération agricole de production (coopération intégrale comparable aux Scop), notamment les « communautés rurales », les sociétés coopératives agricoles d’exploitation en commun (Scaec) et les coopératives de culture en commun (projet avorté à la fin des années 40). La présente étude passe en revue différentes explications possibles de l’échec ou du très faible impact de ces projets. Ces hypothèses relèvent de registres très différents (politique, social, droit civil, socio-ethnologie…). »

 

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

 

Evaluer l’impact social d’une entreprise sociale: points de repère

Emeline Stievenart et Anne-Claire Pache. Revue internationale de l’économie sociale (RECMA), numéro 331, janvier 2013.

http://recma.org/node/3900

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut : « Cet article propose des points de repère essentiels à la compréhension des enjeux de l’évaluation de l’impact social pour les entreprises sociales. Il fait état, notamment, des différents types d’objectifs poursuivis. Il présente les grandes familles de méthodes, ainsi que leurs limites et leurs atouts respectifs. Il accompagne aussi la réflexion relative au choix d’une méthode en proposant d’aborder l’évaluation de l’impact social comme un processus contextualisé, motivé par des objectifs et des questions précises, formulés par les acteurs eux-mêmes. »

 

A Unified Model of Non-profit Sport Organizations Performance: Perspectives from the Literature

Mathieu Winand, Steven Vos, Manu Claessens, Erik Thibaut and Jeroen Scheerder. Managing Leisure, volume 19, issue 2, pages 121-150, February 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Little consensus has emerged about how organizational performance should be defined and measured. Most studies have used traditional approaches to give their own perspective about organizational performance and effectiveness, but none have recently tried to encompass these different views into one unified model. In the present paper, Chelladurai's systems view of organizations is used to integrate the dimensions of organizational performance highlighted by previous studies on non-profit sport organizations (NPSOs). These organizational performance dimensions are highlighted and categorized into macro-dimensions (e.g. financial resources acquisition, size, internal atmosphere, organizational operating, financial independence, achieving elite sport success and mass sport participation). Relationships between these macro-dimensions are analyzed. A multidimensional framework is developed which gives an overview of which dimensions constitute organizational performance in NPSOs and of how to measure them. Further research directions and management implications are discussed.”

 

Robin Stevens, Nathalie Moray and Johan Bruneel. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (article in press).

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:  Social entrepreneurs have a dominant social mission and generate revenue to ensure financial viability. However, most research treats the extent to which social entrepreneurs actually adhere to social and economic mission as a black box. Performing higher order confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of social enterprises (N270), this study identifies dimensions and validates measures for understanding and delineating social and economic missions, and shows how the two constructs relate to each other. The theoretical untangling and the empirical validation of social and economic missions as distinct constructs—and multiple potential constellations of attached relative importance—opens up opportunities for quantitative hypothesis-testing research in social entrepreneurship.

 

Evaluation and Social Impact Measurement Amongst Small to Medium Social Enterprises: Process, Purpose and Value

Jo Barraket and Nina Yousefpour. Australian Journal of Public Administration, volume 72, issue 4, pages 447-458, December 2013.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: In recent years, the imperative to communicate organisational impacts to a variety of stakeholders has gained increasing importance within all sectors. Despite growing external demands for evaluation and social impact measurement, there has been limited critically informed analysis about the presumed importance of these activities to organisational success and the practical challenges faced by organisations in undertaking such assessment. In this paper, we present the findings from an action research study of five Australian small to medium social enterprises’ practices and use of evaluation and social impact analysis. Our findings have implications for social enterprise operators, policy makers and social investors regarding when, why and at what level these activities contribute to organisational performance and the fulfilment of mission.

 

Gestion

Management / Gestión

 

Nonprofit Founders and Succession: How to Ensure an Effective Leadership Handover

Joseph C. Santoro, James C. Sarros, and Mark Esposito. Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal, volume 28, issue 1, pages 16-19, January 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:  The aim of this article was to describe successor types of four nonprofit founders. This article uses the previous case study research and participant/nonparticipant observation to illustrate the different nonprofit founder types to prepare for successors. Four founder types included destroyer, conscientious, maverick, and controller. Each founder type had several unique characteristics. A common feature across all four types was autocratic control. Limitations include the generalizability of the findings based on the sample. Recommendations include re-examination of the ways founders approach succession issues. Founders involved in succession issues can benefit by better understanding the succession process as well as the legacy they leave as a result of their approach to succession based on type. This article offers new insights into the approaches nonprofit founders take about selecting a successor. Founders considering a successor can determine their type and adjust accordingly to select the best possible replacement for the organization.

 

Taking Your Eyes off the Objective: the Relationship between Income Sources and Satisfaction with Achieving Objectives in the UK Third Sector

Piers Thompson and Robert Williams. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 25, issue 1, page 109-137, January 2014.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11266-012-9326-5

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: As a major funder of the Third Sector, recent cuts in UK Government spending may require Third Sector Organisations (TSOs) to turn to other sources of funding, such as trading activities and public sector contracts. It has been argued that such changes can lead to economic objectives overwhelming social ones. This study utilizes data from the 2008 National Survey of Third Sector Organisations to examine the relationship between the use of these alternative funding sources and organisations’ perceived success in achieving their primary objectives. As predicted by theory, a negative relationship between income from trading activities and achievement of objectives is found. Interestingly public sector contracts do not show a significant link with achievement of objectives. Social enterprise should therefore not be seen as an unqualified panacea for difficulties in social welfare provision in the UK, but public sector contracts need not necessarily lead to a loss of those elements that make the Third Sector provision attractive.

 

Les principes mutualistes confrontés aux modalités de regroupement des organismes complémentaires d’assurance maladie

Philippe Abecassis, Nathalie Coutinet et Jean-Paul Domin. Revue internationale de l’économie sociale (RECMA), numéro 331, janvier 2013.

http://recma.org/node/3899

Résumé issu de l’URL ci-haut : « Les premières mutuelles ont été fondées au XIXe siècle autour de valeurs fondatrices (solidarité, refus du lucre, démocratie, liberté d’adhésion et bien-être des membres). Elles évoluent aujourd’hui dans un secteur où la concurrence d’autres formes organisationnelles se multiplie et où la réglementation prudentielle devient plus pressante. Ces transformations les ont conduites à se concentrer. Le présent article en étudie différents aspects et montre en quoi ces évolutions participent d’une possible remise en question des principes fondateurs. »

 

How Small Charities Formulate Marketing Responses to Major Reductions in Income: A Study of Nonprofit Contemporary Dance Companies

Roger Bennett. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, volume17, issue 1, pages 58-76, January 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The purpose of the study was to examine how heads of small charitable performing arts organisations who did not possess backgrounds or qualifications in marketing interpreted the implications, for future marketing activities, of significant cuts in government funding and how their views on the value of marketing changed consequent to the cuts. Dervin's sensemaking interview method was employed to explore the processes, whereby the heads of 26 small nonprofit contemporary dance companies made sense of the marketing demands of newly constrained funding situations. Three groups of respondents were identified, respectively, labelled as marketing reductionists, knowledge seekers, and marketing activists. Many of the respondents did not distinguish between marketing and human resource management functions. Major confusions existed vis-à-vis pricing policies and how to evaluate returns on marketing expenditures. The study covered a single sector in just one country. Replication of the study in other sectors and countries would be worthwhile, as would the comparison of how small arts companies deal with various other types of financial crisis. National bodies that award performing arts qualifications need to include marketing in their curricula and syllabuses. Arts marketing associations should make available on their web sites instructional materials relating to marketing. The government should encourage the formation of marketing co-operatives among small performing arts companies. The study applied a qualitative interview technique unfamiliar to most researchers in the marketing field. It was the first to investigate the impact of cutbacks in government funding on the interpretations of marketing held by heads of small arts organisations.

 

Lessons from Resource Dependence Theory for Contemporary Public and Nonprofit Management

Deanna Malatesta and Craig R. Smith. Public Administration Review (article in press).

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The fiscal landscape continues to challenge public and nonprofit managers. Against this backdrop, public and nonprofit managers look for new strategies to address the challenges associated with limited resources. Resource dependence theory provides valuable guidance for managers who want to understand the considerations and consequences relevant to different types of interorganizational partnering. In this article, the theory's core ideas are described, along with three common strategies or tactics that organizations use to obtain critical resources from the environment: merging, forming alliances, and co-opting. For each strategy, the authors derive a set of practical lessons for busy public and nonprofit managers.

 

Care Provision, Empowerment, and Market Forces: The Art of Establishing Legitimacy for Work Integration Social Enterprises (WISEs).

Jari Kuosmanen. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 25, issue 1, page 248-269, February 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Using Suchman’s taxonomy, the generation of legitimacy in relation to both external parties/stakeholders and employees by four Swedish work integration social enterprises (WISEs) was investigated. Data were collected through focus group and individual interviews. When operating in fiercely competitive markets, a pragmatic exchange legitimacy was mainly used. When selling complex products, such as investigations of work capacity, normative, and cognitive forms of legitimacy were common. As regards internal relations, normative legitimacy established though robust internal procedures was of importance. In addition, relational legitimacy when dealing with clients, funders, and employees emerged as important. The study indicates that WISEs tend to imitate profit-generating organizations in generating legitimacy. Although short-term resource-generation can be facilitated, the replication of for-profit practices can create a tension with the concurrent aim of being an innovative and empowering enterprise for people who otherwise would be excluded from the labor market.”

 

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

 

Social Innovations for Social Cohesion: Transnational Patterns and Approaches from 20 European Cities (e-book)

Adalbert Evers, Benjamin Ewert and Taco Brandsen. Publié par EMES, Welfare innovations at the local level in favour of cohesion (WILCO), 2014.

  http://www.wilcoproject.eu/book/chapters/about-this-book/  

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This e-book is part of the research project entitled “Welfare innovations at the local level in favour of cohesion” (WILCO). WILCO examined, through cross-national comparative research, how local welfare systems affect social inequalities and how they favour social cohesion, with a special focus on the missing link between innovations at the local level and their successful transfer to and implementation in other settings. The WILCO consortium covered ten European countries and was funded by the European Commission (FP7, Socio-economic Sciences & Humanities).

 

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

 

Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (book)

Jacques Defourny, Lars Hulgård, Victor Pestoff. Routledge Edition, 296 pages, April 2014.

http://routledge-ny.com/books/details/9780415831567/

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The concepts of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship is attracting rapidly increasing attention from academic spheres, policy makers as well as field workers who are setting up new initiatives or reshaping their organizations. These concepts are perceived as defining innovative and dynamic responses to major global challenges in today societies. Although the debate is now developing at the world level, the research and field-level landscapes still differ very significantly among regions and diversity also exists within specific regions such as Europe. This book presents the more comprehensive set of contributions reflecting the European side of this wide debate, with frequent connections to evolutions in other parts of the world. It examines the conceptualization of social enterprise that resulted from the EMES's very first collaborative work. Social Enterprise and the Third Sector will appeal to all third sector researchers, and social economy and social enterprise MBA and postgraduate students as well as intellectual social enterprise leaders and practitioners.

 

The Nonprofit Catallaxy: An Austrian Economics Perspective on the Nonprofit Sector

Jürgen Wandel and Vladislav Valentinov. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 25, issue 1, page 109-137, January 2014.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11266-012-9330-9

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This paper examines the nonprofit sector from the perspective of the Austrian school of economic thought. In contrast to the traditional market failure approach, the Austrian school locates the role of the nonprofit sector in the facilitation of the spontaneous order and the utilization of local dispersed knowledge about the societal needs through a Hayekian “discovery procedure.” Another contribution of the Austrian school is in calling attention to the “calculation challenge” faced by the nonprofit sector, i.e., the reduced role of monetary signals as the informational basis for decision making. The calculation challenge brings up the important issue of societal feedback mechanisms operating in the nonprofit sector. It is shown that, in the nonprofit sector context, this challenge takes the form of the accountability problem.”

 

International Handbook of Cooperative Law (book)

Dante Cracogna, Antonio Fici and Hagen Henrÿ. Springer Edition, 823 pages, 2013. http://www.springer.com/law/international/book/978-3-642-30128-5  

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The degree of development reached by cooperatives of different sectors throughout the world, which among others led to the UN declaring 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives, needs to be accompanied by a similar development of corresponding legislation. To this end, a better knowledge of cooperative law from the comparative point of view, as has already been established for other types of enterprises, becomes of great importance. This book strives to fill this gap, and is divided into four parts. The first part offers an analytic and conceptual framework with which to understand study and assess cooperative law from a transnational and comparative perspective. The second part includes several chapters dealing with attempts to harmonize cooperative laws. The third part contains an overview of more than 30 national cooperative laws, while the last part summarizes and compares these national cooperative laws, thus laying the foundation for a comparative cooperative law doctrine. ”

 

On the Frontiers: The Implications of Social Entrepreneurship for International Entrepreneurship

Shaker A. Zahra, Lance R. Newey and Yong Li. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, volume 38, issue 1, pages 137–158, January 2014.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/etap.12061/abstract

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:  We explore how social entrepreneurship (SE) research extends the field of international entrepreneurship (IE) to affect global sustainable well-being. Well-being is a multidimensional concept that includes financial, social, and environmental wealth creation. Much of IE research thus far has been based primarily on assumptions of economic opportunity recognition, evaluation, and exploitation. We use the SE perspectives of blended value and international governance to revise the definition, assumptions, and boundaries of IE at the firm and international policy levels. We propose a broader vision for the IE field based on an expanded set of assumptions beyond traditional economic thinking.”

 

Exploring Stewardship as an Antecedent Behavioural Trait of Social Entrepreneurs

Shubhabrata Basu and Anita Sharma. Journal of Entrepreneurship, volume 23, issue 1, pages 19-33, March 2014.

http://joe.sagepub.com/content/23/1/19?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:  We explored stewardship behaviour as a possible antecedent to the activities of a social entrepreneur towards providing desired sustainable solutions. Extant literature posits that social entrepreneurs are predominantly guided in their sustainable solutions by ex-ante and ex-post resource positions. Resource availability guides the social entrepreneur’s behaviour which per se is not different from the behaviour of a profit-seeking entrepreneur. We contend that apart from resource considerations, stewardship is also an important behavioural consideration for social entrepreneurial activities. We used a single embedded inductive case study to establish the linkage between stewardship behaviour and social entrepreneur leading to desired sustainable solutions in the context of the health care sector in institutionally weak economies like India.”

 

AUTRES

Other / Otros

 

Conducting case study research in non-profit organisations

Ardhendu Shekhar Singh. Qualitative Market Research: an International Journal, volume 17, issue 1 pages 77-84, January 2014.

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above:  “The purpose of this paper is to focus on the transactional relationship between retailers and handicrafts suppliers using case study research. Various reports on the handicraft sector were studied. Interactions with industry experts also helped clarify various issues confronting the industry. Preliminary visits to organizations working in this area were undertaken to know the ground realities of the handicraft sector. To prove the reliability of the case study process and enable others to replicate it, the steps and procedures must be clearly explicit and well documented in the final report. In this research, the steps that are followed to collect the data have been described in detail so that other researchers can apply the case study process and achieve similar results. Scholarship focussing on organised retail as well as handicrafts production and marketing is well developed. There is vast literature on the former from the developed economies though the Indian context is only beginning to be researched. Similarly, there are a large number of scholarly and popular writings on the latter. Yet, there is a paucity of scholarship on the buyer-supplier transactions.

 

La coopération internationale solidaire (Livre)

Paul Cliche. Presses de l’Université du Québec, 218 pages, janvier 2014.

Résumé issu de l’URL ci-haut : « La coopération internationale solidaire est plus pertinente que jamais dans la conjoncture mondiale. Le modèle de développement ultralibéral a favorisé une concentration extrême de la richesse qui n’est pas viable socialement ainsi qu’une crise écologique qui menace le futur de l’humanité. Quant aux politiques canadiennes d’aide internationale, elles sont désormais empreintes des intérêts des grandes entreprises. La situation des organismes de coopération internationale au Québec est révélatrice de la crise qui frappe la coopé­ration ­solidaire au Nord: baisse de financement, climat organisationnel ­difficile, réputation du Canada à l’étranger en chute libre… Pourtant, au Sud, des organisations de la société civile sont la démonstration vivante qu’il est possible d’assurer la vitalité d’une coopération visant la solidarité entre les peuples et la création d’un monde plus juste, plus équitable et plus respectueux de la nature. Ce modèle ne demande qu’à être compris, systématisé et dynamisé au sein d’alliances et de mouvements de ­transformation sociale. Ces constats, Paul Cliche les fait à la suite de questionnements, de découvertes et de frustrations issus de la pratique du développement. Son livre combine une théorisation de la pratique complétée par des données empiriques et des analyses théoriques provenant de différentes sources, de même que par une étude exploratoire effectuée auprès de 54 organismes de coopération internationale du Québec. Il s’adresse à la fois aux praticiens et aux militants de la coopération et du développement international ainsi qu’aux étudiants et aux chercheurs désireux d’approfondir des questions liées à ce domaine. Pour les uns, qui ont déjà une riche pratique, ce sera une occasion d’approfondir la réflexion théorique sur le sens de leurs expériences et sur le contexte dans lequel elles s’inscrivent. Pour les autres, qui possèdent déjà une solide base théorique, ce sera l’occasion d’élargir l’horizon vers des pratiques et des expériences diverses qui sont porteuses de sens.»

 

 

NUMÉROS SPÉCIAUX

Special Issues / Ediciones especiales

 

Derecho cooperativo

Revista Deusto Estudios Cooperativos, no. 3, 2013.