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ECO-SOC INFO, VOLUME 10, NUMÉRO 12, DÉCEMBRE 2015

Pour le format PDF, cliquer ici!

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

Managerial Objectives and the Governance of Public and Non-Profit Organizations

Contingency, Behavioural and Evolutionary Perspectives on Public and Non-Profit Governance (book)

Stratégie et gouvernance des institutions financières mutualistes (livre)

Government–Nonprofit Cooperation: Anomaly or Necessity?

The Governance of Mandated Partnerships: The Case of Social Housing Procurement

Collaborating across sector boundaries: a story of tensions and dilemmas

Gouvernance de réseaux interorganisationnels : Cas d’un réseau d’organisations sociales et collectives

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

Nonprofit Financial Vulnerability: Testing Competing Models, Recommended Improvements, and Implications

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

Measuring Value Creation in Social Enterprises: A Cluster Analysis of Social Impact Assessment Models

The Effect of an Online Self-Assessment Tool on Nonprofit Board Performance

Membership and Performance in Finnish Financial Cooperatives: A New View of Cooperatives?

Gestion

Management / Gestión

A qualitative analysis of social intelligence in nonprofit organizations: external knowledge acquisition for human capital development, organizational learning and innovation

Application of TOC-based framework to improve market orientation in a non-profit organization

Internal and External Determinants of Formal Plans in the Nonprofit Sector

What's the problem? The role of diagnosis in building the capacity of voluntary and community organisations

Designing a social enterprise: Organization configuration and social stakeholders’ work involvement

Can social enterprises remain sustainable and mission-focused? Applying resiliency theory

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan (book)

From Advocacy to Social Innovation: A Typology of Social Change Efforts by Nonprofits

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

From 'contractors to the state' to 'protectors of public value'? Relations between non-profit housing hybrids and the state in England

Modernizing State Support of Nonprofit Service Provision: The Case of Kyrgyzstan

Between Control and Empowerment: Governmental Strategies towards the Development of the Non-profit Sector in China

CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS

Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones

Building a new third construction sector through social enterprise

The Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale (SEAS): a validation study

The social enterprise as a space of well-being: an exploratory case study

AUTRES

Other / Otros

Fraud and Corruption in U.S. Nonprofit Entities: A Summary of Press Reports 2008-2011

Employment support to home-workers: the role of civil society

'It Helped Me Sort of Face the End of the World': The Role of Emotions for Third Sector Climate Change Engagement Initiatives

APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS

Calls for contributions / Convocatorias de artículos

ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR

Events / Eventos

 

 

ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES

Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes

 

Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral

Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general

 

Managerial Objectives and the Governance of Public and Non-Profit Organizations

Van Puyvelde Caers and Du Bois Jegers. Public Management Review, volume 8, issue 2, pages 221-237, February 2016.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg
/rpxm/2016/00000018/00000002/art00003

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “By investigating managerial objectives, we test the simultaneous need for both control (agency theory) and collaboration (stewardship theory) in public and non-profit governance. We construct a discrete choice experiment to elicit preferences of managers in Belgian public and non-profit nursing homes. The results confirm that boards of nursing homes may experience pressure to simultaneously control and collaborate with their managers, thereby suggesting that agency and stewardship theory can be combined into a more general internal governance framework. We conclude by providing some policy implications to improve public and non-profit governance.”

 

Contingency, Behavioural and Evolutionary Perspectives on Public and Non-Profit Governance (book)

Fabio Monteduro, Alessandro Hinna and Luca Gnan. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Series of Studies in Public and Non-Profit Governance, volume 4, 320 pages, November 2015.

http://books.emeraldinsight.com/display.asp?K
=9781785604294&cur=GBP&sf1=kword_index%2
Cbarcode%2Cseries&sort=sort_date%2Fd&st1=Contingency
%2C+Behavioural+and+Evolutionary+Perspectives+on+Public
+and+Nonprofit&sf2=eh_cat_class&button_login=Go&m=1&dc=1

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This volume accesses governance in public and non-profit organizations. Building on and challenging recent research in this area, this volume critically examines the contextual, behavioural and historical factors of governance.”

 

Stratégie et gouvernance des institutions financières mutualistes (livre)

Michel Roux. Editeur : Revue Banque, 216 pages, septembre 2015.

http://www.lgdj.fr/strategie-et-gouvernance-des-institutions
-financieres-mutualistes-9782863256480.html

Résumé issu du l’URL Ci-haut: « Au cœur d'une actualité bouillonnante, l'ouvrage pose des jalons permettant de repenser et refonder la sphère financière de demain pour la banque coopérative, les sociétés d'assurances mutuelles et les mutuelles de la complémentaire santé. De nombreux facteurs tant juridiques que technologiques exacerbent la concurrence et le taux d'attrition : lois Hamon, loi santé de Marisol Touraine, actions de groupe, ANI, comparateurs prix, développement du digital. Après les craintes liées à l'arrivée d'Internet en matière de paiement, « les Fin. Techs » menacent les professions financières sur leur métier de conseil. Les approches commerciales classiques comme les outils ou les métiers sont aujourd'hui bousculés. L'innovation, correctement pilotée, doit être un formidable levier pour réinventer la finance et le modèle de protection sociale de demain. Dès lors, à l'instar de leurs consœurs du privé, les banques coopératives, les sociétés d'assurances mutuelles, les mutuelles de la complémentaire santé et les institutions de prévoyance se doivent de revisiter leur stratégie de la relation clients et de transformer leur gouvernance. À défaut le risque est réel de voir les valeurs du mutualisme remise en cause. Comment mieux saisir les nouveaux comportements des clients, des sociétaires et des adhérents? Comment repenser un modèle mutualiste impliquant davantage des administrateurs, des collaborateurs et des sociétaires devenus plus exigeants? Comment, dans un cadre budgétaire contraint, faire en sorte que le marché ne règne pas en maître? Pour préserver et développer le mutualisme, vecteur d'une éducation démocratique et d'une pratique citoyenne, ces questions sont autant de défis à relever. L'ouvrage y apporte des réponses lucides et porteuses d'espoir. »

 

Government–Nonprofit Cooperation: Anomaly or Necessity?

Lester M. Salamon and Stefan Toepler. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 26, issue 6, pages 2155-2177, December 2015

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11266
-015-9651-6?wt_mc=alerts.TOCjournals

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This paper challenges widespread philosophical and conceptual theories of the nonprofit sector and the state that question, or leave little conceptual room for, extensive cooperation between nonprofit organizations and government. To do so, the paper calls attention to shortcomings in the prevailing market failure/government failure theories of the nonprofit sector that have obscured recognition of key features of the sector that make cooperation with the state a natural and necessary path to effectiveness, and to certain inherent limitations of the state that make engagement of nonprofits a natural and useful path to state effectiveness. The article then outlines a set of conditions that must be met by both nonprofits and governments for this partnership to achieve the promise of which it is capable.”

 

The Governance of Mandated Partnerships: The Case of Social Housing Procurement

Muir Jenny and Mullins David. Housing Studies, volume 30, issue 6, pages 967-986, August 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg
/chos/2015/00000030/00000006/art00008

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Partnership working is nowadays a seemingly ubiquitous aspect of the management and delivery of public services, yet there remain major differences of opinion about how they best work for the different stakeholders they involve. The balances between mandate and trust, and between hard and soft power, are crucial to current debates about public service partnerships. This paper explores the example of social housing procurement in Northern Ireland, and the requirement to form mandated procurement groups. The research shows that the exercise of hierarchical power is still important in network governance; that mandated partnerships alter the balance between trust and power in partnership working, but the impact is uneven; and that these relationships are (re)shaping the ‘hybrid’ identity of housing associations. The balance between accountability for public resources and the independence of third sector organisations is the key tension in mandated partnerships. The Northern Ireland experience suggests that trust-based networks could provide more productive working relationships in partnerships for service delivery.”

 


 

 

Collaborating across sector boundaries: a story of tensions and dilemmas

Jacklin-Jarvis Carol. Voluntary Sector Review, volume 3, issue 3, pages 285- 302, November 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tpp/vsr/
2015/00000006/00000003/art00003

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This article explores collaboration between voluntary and public sectors through the lens of theories that surface the tensions of inter-organisational collaboration. These theories identify the tensions that actors experience, the inherent tensions that underlie these experiences, and the ways in which actors manage these tensions. Drawing on a study of children's services in the United Kingdom, the article identifies three inter-related tensions experienced by voluntary sector participants – tensions between agency and dependency, values and pragmatism, and distinctiveness and incorporation. While these can be seen to relate to the inherent unity/diversity tension identified in the literature (Ospina and Saz-Carranza, 2010), the article argues that they also relate to inter-organizational context, and more specifically, to the power asymmetry between sectors.”

 

Gouvernance de réseaux interorganisationnels : Cas d’un réseau d’organisations sociales et collectives

Tassadit Zerdani. Cahiers de recherche du Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (CRISES), collection : thèse et mémoire, numéro TM1501, 530 pages, Novembre 2015.

http://crises.uqam.ca/upload/files/publications/Thses
_et_Mmoires/CRISES_TM1501.pdf

Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut: « En réalisant une étude longitudinale en profondeur d’un cas de réseaux d’organisations sociales et collectives, le Réseau de la finance solidaire et responsable au Québec (Réseau FSRQ),  l’étude explique l’évolution de la gouvernance de réseaux interorganisationnels (RIO), son passage d’un mode informel à formel. En plus d’identifier les mécanismes reliés à ces deux modes de gouvernance, montrer la complémentarité et la linéarité entre eux, et révéler l’importance des mécanismes informels pour la formalisation de RIO, l’étude montre, en mobilisant le néoinstitutionnalisme sociologique (particulièrement le concept du travail institutionnel), le rôle des pratiques de création institutionnelle (normatives, cognitives et politiques) que développent les membres du Réseau FSRQ, comme collectif institutionnel, dans la dynamique de sa gouvernance. L’étude révèle également que ces pratiques d’institutionnalisation s’entrelacent et se tricotent, et sont reliées aux étapes de développement de ce réseau. Plus encore, elle explique comment des acteurs aux logiques différentes ont travaillé ensemble pour formaliser et construire la gouvernance de leur réseau, et ce, dans une visée de créer un nouveau champ institutionnel, celui de la finance solidaire et responsable. Pour y arriver, ils ont collectivement développé plusieurs pratiques institutionnelles. L’étude révèle donc que la gouvernance de RIO est une construction collective menée par un collectif d’acteurs qu’on peut qualifier « d’entrepreneur institutionnel collectif et solidaire ». Cet entrepreneur a mis en place sa gouvernance interne et vise construire son champ institutionnel afin d’influencer le système financier conventionnel. Avec ces résultats, cette étude apporte des contributions théoriques à son champ d’étude en émergence, celui de la gouvernance et de la dynamique de RIO. Elle contribue également à la théorie néoinstitutionnelle sociologique qu’elle mobilise en proposant le concept de l’ « entrepreneur institutionnel collectif et solidaire » et en révélant de nouvelles pratiques pour le concept de travail institutionnel. Sur le plan pratique, cette étude propose également des résultats intéressants; elle révèle des pratiques de gouvernance qui peuvent inspirer les gestionnaires et animateurs de RIO, particulièrement ceux des réseaux d’organisations collectives et sociales. »

 

 

MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT

Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento

 

Nonprofit Financial Vulnerability: Testing Competing Models, Recommended Improvements, and Implications

Ettie Tevel, Hagai Katz and David M. Brock. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 26, issue 6, pages 2500 - 2516, December 2015.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11266
-014-9523-5?wt_mc=alerts.TOCjournals

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: We examine the predictive validity of existing models used by researchers and by professional rating agencies of nonprofit organizations to assess financial vulnerability, on a sample of performing arts organizations. The models tested include Ohlson’s (J Account Res 18 (1): 31–109, 1980) “business” model, Tuckman and Chang’s “nonprofit” model (Nonprofit Volunt Sect Q 20:445–460, 1991), and a “practitioner” model based on the guidelines of two nonprofit ranking and rating agencies (Copps and Vernon, The little blue book, NPC’s guide to analyzing charities, for charities and funders. New Philanthropy Capital, London, 2010; Midot, Midot guide for effectiveness. Midot—Analyzing and Rating NPOs. Tel Aviv, 2013). Since there is considerable criticism over the effectiveness of existing models in predicting financial distress, we propose that a new model is needed which can improve our ability to predict financial vulnerability. The findings reveal that the Tuckman and Chang model provides the best prediction of financial vulnerability; and a reduced version offers an even better prediction. Implications for financial management and particularly for revenue diversification, increased overhead costs (particularly management costs), and surplus accumulation are discussed.”

 

 

ÉVALUATION

Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación

 

Measuring Value Creation in Social Enterprises: A Cluster Analysis of Social Impact Assessment Models

Cecilia Grieco, Laura Michelini and Gennaro Iasevoli. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 44, issue 6, pages 1173-1193, December 2015.

http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/44/6/1173?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The relationship between business and community is becoming increasingly important, especially with the current blurring of the boundaries between profit and not-for-profit sectors, and the growing number of hybrid organizations such as social enterprises. For these organizations, the assessment of social impact plays a strategic role in helping them understand to what extent their social mission has been accomplished. As a result of increasing interest in the practice of Social Impact Assessment (SIA), many models have been developed, but a system to classify them is still lacking, and so the overall picture remains rather fragmentary if not confusing. In this research, a hierarchical cluster analysis was developed based on a sample of 76 SIA models to group them in macro-categories and help social entrepreneurs choose the model that is best suited to the needs of their organization.”

 

The Effect of an Online Self-Assessment Tool on Nonprofit Board Performance

Yvonne D. Harrison and Vic Murray. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 44, issue 6, pages 1129-1151, December 2015.

http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/44/6/1129?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: This article reports on perceptions of the effectiveness of nonprofit organization boards of directors and changes in governance behavior obtained from the first 1,446 users of a free online board performance self-assessment tool known as the Board Check-Up (www.boardcheckup.com), Board Effectiveness Survey Application (BESA). Respondents came from 122 organizations in Canada, the United States, Australia, and other countries. The article describes the conceptual framework for the study and the underlying theory of change on which it is based. It presents findings on the types of governance issues respondents perceived as most problematic in their boards. It also describes changes in governance behavior and practices reported by respondents, who completed an impact assessment sometime after the use of the online self-assessment tool. The results provide empirical support for the value of utilizing the online board performance self-assessment application and insights into its impact as a means of making changes in the governance process. Next steps in this international longitudinal research study are discussed.”

 

Membership and Performance in Finnish Financial Cooperatives: A New View of Cooperatives?

Derek Jones and Panu Kalmi. Review of Social Economy, article In press, published online: 21 Oct 2015.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/003
46764.2015.1067753?journalCode=rrse20

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Many economists adopt a critical stance on cooperatives. One example is the claim that larger membership in cooperative banks is detrimental to performance. We re-examine this earlier finding by drawing from a richer and broader conceptual framework than used previously and conclude that in recent years, the relationship between membership and performance may be positive. In our empirical analysis, we use new data for Finnish cooperative banks and, compared to earlier work, develop an alternative measure for membership and employ improved estimation methods. A positive relationship between membership and performance in financial cooperatives is consistently found. We discuss our findings in light of an emerging body of theoretical and empirical work on cooperatives, especially for financial cooperatives, and argue that a new view of cooperatives is warranted.”

Gestion

Management / Gestión

 

A qualitative analysis of social intelligence in nonprofit organizations: external knowledge acquisition for human capital development, organizational learning and innovation

Kong Eric. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, volume 13, issue 4, pages 463-474, November 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/pal/kmrp
/2015/00000013/00000004/art00008

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Nonprofit organizations (NPOs) are in crisis due to the introduction of new public management. Social intelligence represents organizational members’ tacit knowledge, abilities and skills to sense and understand the needs of external stakeholders, and constantly interact appropriately with the stakeholders for the benefits of their firm. Using 20 qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews across nine Australian NPOs as the central instrument, this paper argues that social intelligence acts as a catalyst to external knowledge acquisition, which can have a dynamic influence on human capital development and organizational learning for innovation in NPOs. The analysis also reveals that half of the participants’ understandings of social intelligence are different to those commonly contained in the literature. The paper argues that a better understanding of the theory–practice divide of social intelligence is necessary if knowledge management, organizational learning and an intellectual capital-view of the firm are to be fully integrated.”

 

Application of TOC-based framework to improve market orientation in a non-profit organization

Gupta Mahesh C., Bridgman Stewart and Kaur Sahi Gurjeet. Journal of Strategic Marketing, volume 23, issue 7, pages 579-599, November 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg
/rjsm/2015/00000023/00000007/art00005

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The theory of constraints (TOC) is a relatively new management philosophy, especially to the marketing function, which recognizes that system constraints limit the performance of a system and that proposes a unique methodology (a process of five focusing steps (FFS) to manage system constraints) and set of measures (throughput, inventory, and operating expenses). We show how Mental Health Services (termed as the MHS institute) was able to apply the said framework to systematically improve the degree of market orientation (MO) and thereby, significantly impact business performance measured in terms of billable products/services provided while ensuring stakeholders', for example, employees' and customers', satisfaction. This paper discusses an application of the TOC-based framework to improve MO, both external and internal, in a not-for-profit psychosocial rehabilitation MHS institute. TOC measures encourage the MHS institute's employees across functional areas to work together and find innovative ways of increasing flow of customers instead of cutting or containing costs. The TOC methodology, using the FFS-based improvement process, reveals multiple physical and policy constraints within the MHS institute, and their successful resolution improves revenues, customer care, employee satisfaction, and importantly constraint resource utilization. However, empirical research is needed to develop strong theory explaining the (mediation/moderation) relationship between MO and TOC. Furthermore, there is a need to introduce Evaporating Clouds to initiate new acceptable process improvement ideas. Most of the recommendations in the paper require little or no net costs to implement. We show how MO of other community mental health centers and health delivery systems can be improved by using the proposed TOC-based framework.”

 

Internal and External Determinants of Formal Plans in the Nonprofit Sector

Hwang Hokyu and Bromley Patricia. International Public Management Journal, volume 18, issue 4, pages 1096-7494, October 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg
/upmj20/2015/00000018/00000004/art00005

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The study of formal planning in nonprofits and the public sector is thriving, with management gurus providing abundant advice on its value and proper execution. We address a related, but broader issue: why has the management tool of formal planning become prevalent in organizations with a public goal in the first place? To answer this question, we draw on insights from institutional theories of organization, bringing a fresh perspective to the increasingly common practice of formal planning in the administration of public entities. Using a unique dataset constructed from interviews with a random, representative sample of the leaders of 200 nonprofits in the San Francisco Bay Area, we analyze the factors associated with the presence of a formal plan. We combine the interview data with details on organizational characteristics from tax reports and consider the features of nonprofits that plan using logistic regression. The findings reveal that size and capacity are important, but links to an external, rationalized environment dampen the effects of both. Thus, functional factors, while important, are insufficient to explain why nonprofits engage in planning. For those interested in promoting formal planning as a management tool, our findings provide insight into other organizational features that promote the use of planning. And for those concerned with the potentially deleterious effects of this tool in the nonprofit sector, we show that certain types of organizations seem adept at maintaining a less formal structure.”

 

What's the problem? The role of diagnosis in building the capacity of voluntary and community organisations

Walton Caron and Macmillan Rob. Voluntary Sector Review, volume 6, issue 3; pages 325-332, November 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tpp/vsr/
2015/00000006/00000003/art00006

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: By identifying the support needs of voluntary and community organisations, diagnosis is commonly understood as an initial stage of effective and targeted capacity building. This paper offers a broader reflection, suggesting that diagnosis can play two other functions: as a selection mechanism for access to capacity-building resources, but also as a market-making device in bringing together potential providers and would-be customers to discuss an intangible and difficult to describe process of organisational support.”

 

Twitter as a Communication Tool for Nonprofits: A Study of Sport-for-Development Organizations

Per G. Svensson, Tara Q. Mahoney and Marion E. Hambrick. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 44, issue 6, pages 1086 1106, December 2015.

http://nvs.sagepub.com/content/44/6/1086?etoc

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: Previous research suggests sport-for-development organizations strategically aim to engage people through social media in hopes of generating increased offline support (Thorpe & Rinehart, 2013). Using the framework set forth by Lovejoy and Saxton (2012), the purpose of this study was to explore how nonprofit organizations use Twitter to disseminate information, build engagement, and facilitate action. A content analysis of 3,233 tweets revealed a larger proportion of interactive communication, yet one-way communication was the most common function. Overall, the use of social media to facilitate action among stakeholders was scarce, but the way organizations used Twitter to provide information, interact with followers, and create a call for action varied considerably among them. Interestingly, these differences were not associated with annual revenue, organizational age, targeted social issues, or number of countries of operation. This study has important theoretical and practical implications, and provides a first look at how sport-for-development organizations use Twitter.”

 

Designing a social enterprise: Organization configuration and social stakeholders’ work involvement

Barbara Imperatori and Dino Cataldo Ruta. Social Enterprise Journal, volume 11, issue 3, pages 321-346, November 2015.

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10
.1108/SEJ-08-2014-0034

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The purpose of this study is to examine, drawing on organization studies and stakeholder theories, the organizational configuration that enables the social enterprise to succeed by combining social and economic imperatives in a sustainable way. The research project is based on the analysis of a multiple cross-national case study consisting of seven social enterprises that are active in the drug rehabilitation context. Multiple rounds of data gathering and analysis combined with within-case analysis and cross-case comparison enabled the authors to evaluate the perceived, declared and subjective organizational perspectives. Results suggest that organizational performance – measured as the ability to achieve social goals, generate resources and pursue sustainability over time – depends on the implementation of a participative organizational configuration defined by the interaction of six organizational components (i.e. time and space designed for collective activities, low degree of formalization, social control, centralized decision-making processes, transformational leadership style and a workforce structure based on social stakeholders as workers). The involvement of social stakeholders emerges as a distinctive feature in the social enterprise domain. The study contributes to extending the configuration approach to the social enterprise domain, also as a fruitful method to manage social stakeholders and to advance the discussion on hybrid organizations.”

 


 

 

Can social enterprises remain sustainable and mission-focused? Applying resiliency theory

Dennis R. Young , Choony Kim. Social Enterprise Journal, volume11, issue 3, pages 233 - 259, November 2015.

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/
10.1108/SEJ-02-2015-0005

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The purpose of this paper is to adapt concepts from resiliency theory to understand the conditions under which social enterprises may remain true to form and purpose or are likely to change their character. This leads us to consider issues of governance, economic incentives associated with different organizational forms of social enterprise and the effects of the financial environment, the role of organizational slack and the influence of organizational leadership on the dynamics of social enterprises. Three case studies of organizations in the USA are analyzed to illustrate the application of resiliency theory to the stability of social enterprises. The fact that all forms of social enterprise must reconcile the tensions of social purpose and market raises important questions about the dynamics of these enterprises. This paper shows that governance, financial incentive structure, organizational slack and leadership influence the stability of social enterprises.”

 

Innovation sociale

Social innovation / Innovación social

 

Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan (book)

Sheng-Tsung Hou and I. Han. Palgrave Macmillan Publisher, 236 pages, December 2015.

 http://www.palgrave.com/page/detail/social-
innovation-and-business-in-taiwan-i-han/?sf1
=barcode&st1=9781137403810

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Globalization and technological innovation have greatly enhanced the free mobility of currencies, commodities, services, information, jobs and people; yet this can also cause gaps in regional development and create uneven wealth in minority economies. Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan links the ultimate goal of the common good by connecting people not just through technology, but through new forms of organization. Based on five major research cases observed in Taiwan, this book introduces the core concept of a social innovation system to show how the common good can be established, adapted and diffused across communities, societies and national boundaries. By identifying effective and sustainable ways to create social value, this innovation system shows a universally true way to lead to a more humane global society.”

 

From Advocacy to Social Innovation: A Typology of Social Change Efforts by Nonprofits

Micheal L. Shier and Femida Handy. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 26, issue 6, pages 2581-2603, December 2015.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s1126
6-014-9535-1?wt_mc=alerts.TOCjournals

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Literature describing the social change efforts of direct social service nonprofits focuses primarily on their political advocacy role or the ways in which practitioners in organizations address individual service user needs. To elicit a more in-depth understanding of the varying ways that these nonprofits promote social change, this research builds off of the innovation literature in nonprofits. It presents a model of the typology of social innovations based on the empirical findings from survey data from a random sample (n = 241) and interview data (n = 31) of direct social service nonprofits in Alberta, Canada. Exploratory principal factor analysis was used to uncover the underlying structure of the varying types of social innovations undertaken by direct service nonprofits. Results support a three-factor model including socially transformative, product, and process-related social innovations. The qualitative findings provide a conceptual map of the varied foci of social change efforts.”

 

 


 

 

POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES

Public Policies / Politicas Publicas

 

From 'contractors to the state' to 'protectors of public value'? Relations between non-profit housing hybrids and the state in England

Mullins David and Jones Tricia. Voluntary Sector Review, volume 6, issue 3, pages 261- 283. November 2015.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tpp/
vsr/2015/00000006/00000003/art00002

Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: The move of social housing provision away from government to non-profit organisations and towards the market has been accompanied by a discourse of independence from the state. This article questions the validity of this discourse, drawing on hybridisation theory and a Delphi panel study with decision makers in 31 housing associations (HAs) in England to explore recent relations with the state. Despite considerable hybridisation, the state's continued role in defining the operating environment, resource inputs and material position of HAs is demonstrated. Recent policies of deficit reduction and welfare conditionality have challenged independent purposes of HAs. Panel organisations displayed a range of responses to these recent policies, reflecting different organizational values. Three positioning narratives are identified: 'independent social entrepreneurs', 'contractors of the state' and 'protectors of public value'. The relationship to the state remains critical to understanding each of these positions and their implications for the future hybridisation of HAs.”