ARTICLES ET MONOGRAPHIES
Periodic articles and publications / Artículos y publicaciónes
Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral
Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general
Améliorez la gouvernance de votre osbl : un guide pratique (Livre)
Socializing accounting practices in governing boards: dairy co-operatives down-under
MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT
Modes of development and financing / Modos de desarollo y de financiamiento
Initiatives locales et développement socioterritorial (Livre)
Exploring Factors that Influence Social Retail Investors’ Decisions: Evidence from Desjardins Fund
The emergence of social enterprises through the initiative of self-organized citizens: an analysis starting from Olson's approach to the logic of collective action
Financial instruments and equity structures for raising capital in co-operatives
Social enterprise as a bottom-up dynamic: part 1. The reaction of civil society to unmet social needs in Italy, Sweden and Japan
Emergence and evolution of co-operatives for elderly care in Japan
Investigating a best practice model of microfinance for poverty alleviation: Conceptual note
Economy of Mutuality: Merging Financial and Social Sustainability
Evaluation methods / Métodos de evaluación
A study on the impact of integrated cooperative development project on the performance of cooperatives in Nagapattinam district
Measuring impact: prospects and challenges for third sector organisations
Looking at the determinants of efficiency in banking: evidence from Italian mutual-cooperatives
Management / Gestión
Les formes organisationnelles hybrides de l’économie sociale ont-elles de plus grandes chances de survivre ? Une application au cas de Montréal
Work Values of Public, Nonprofit, and Business Employees: A Cross-Cultural Evidence
Costs and Economies of Scale at Not-for-Profit Organizations: The Case of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Barcelos Between 2002 and 2013
Value congruence and job-related attitudes in a nonprofit organization: a competing values approach
Effects of member size and selective incentives of agricultural cooperatives on product quality
Much Ado about nothing? A multilevel analysis of the relationship between voluntary associations' characteristics and their members' generalized trust
Social innovation / Innovación social
What is the social innovation system? A state-of-the-art review
Social Innovations in the Urban Context (Book)
Public Policies / Politicas Publicas
Innovating the provision of welfare services through collective action: the case of Italian social cooperatives
CONCEPTS ET DÉFINITIONS
Concepts and definitions / Conceptos y definiciones
Social Entrepreneurship in Communities. Examining the Collaborative Processes of Health Conversion Foundations
Other / Otros
Making Immigrant Rights Real: Nonprofits and the Politics of Integration in San Francisco (Book)
Adaptation of London's social housing to climate change through retrofit: a holistic evaluation approach
Special Issues / Ediciones especiales
Cooperatives: governance and accountability systems for a better world?
Les réseaux de l’économie sociale en Europe
APPELS À CONTRIBUTIONS
Calls for contributions / Convocatorias de artículos
ÉVÉNEMENTS À VENIR
Events / Eventos
Gouvernance et intÉrÊt GÉnÉral
Governance and general interest / Gobernanza y interés general
Jean- Paul Gagné et Daniel Lapointe. Éditeur : Transcontinental, 256 pages, avril 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: « Améliorez la gouvernance de votre OSBL - Un guide pratique s’adresse aux membres de conseils d’administration et aux gestionnaires d’organismes sans but lucratif qui désirent instaurer des pratiques de gouvernance exemplaires au sein des organisations pour lesquelles ils agissent comme administrateurs et gestionnaires. Les OSBL sont plus importants et influents que jamais dans la collectivité québécoise. De nos jours, les leaders d’OSBL, d'organismes caritatifs, d'ordres professionnels, d'associations industrielles et autres, cherchent à atteindre des standards élevés de gouvernance afin de répondre aux attentes sans précédent de leurs membres, de leurs bailleurs de fonds, des gouvernements et du public en général. »
Karen VanPeursem, Kevin Old and Stuart Locke. Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, volume 12, issue 1, pages 75- 102, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the accountability practices of the directors in New Zealand and Australian dairy co-operatives. An interpretation of their practices, which focus on the relationship between directors and their farmer-shareholders, is informed by Roberts’ (2001a) understandings of a socializing accountability. The fieldwork consists of interviews with 23 directors, including all chief executive officers and chairmen, of six dairy co-operatives together with observations and document analysis. These co-operatives together comprise a significant portion of the regional dairy industry. The methodology draws from Eisenhardt’s (1989) qualitative approach to theory formation. The authors find that these directors engage in a discourse-based, community-grounded and egalitarian form of socializing accountability. As such, their practices adhere generally to Roberts (2001a) hopes for a more considerate and humble relationship between an accountor and an accountee. Findings add to the small pool of research on the lived experiences of co-operative boards and to a parsimonious literature in socializing accountability practices. The contributions of the study are in advancing real understandings of alternative forms of accountability, in evaluating the conditions in which these alternatives may be likely to arise and in anticipating the challenges and opportunities that arise therefrom. The originality of the project arises from accessing the views of these industry leaders and, through their frank expressions, coming to understand how they achieve a form of a socializing accountability in their relationships with farmer-shareholders.”
MODES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ET DE FINANCEMENT
Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay, Juan-Luis Klein et Jean-Marc Fontan. Presses de l’Université du Québec/Téluq, 2ème édition, 408 pages, 2016.
Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut: “ Cet ouvrage, qui en est ici à sa 2e édition, porte sur les initiatives locales et s’intéresse à la problématique du développement socioterritorial, ainsi que du développement socioéconomique des villes ou des régions. Il présente les concepts d’économie sociale, et d’autres concepts associés aux modalités du développement local et socioterritorial (grappes, clusters, milieux innovateurs, etc.). Il expose aussi un certain nombre de cas d’initiatives locales (le technopôle Angus, la Cité du multimédia, le Lab créatif, la Tohu, le cinéma Beaubien et les centres d’artistes autogérés) et invite à une réflexion générale sur ce type de développement, sur le rôle du territoire, sur le rôle de la collectivité, de l’État et des organismes communautaires. »
Dominique Diouf, Tessa Hebb and El Hadji Touré. Journal of Business Ethics, volume 134, issue 1, pages 45-67, March 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “By considering individual as a “homo economicus”, that is to say, a rational and autonomous individual who makes decisions motivated by material gains, these studies fail to recognize all the complexity that shapes human behavior. This paper argues that to understand the behavior and choices of investors in regards to socially responsible investing (SRI), we must consider social investors as complex individuals. In addition, we should take into account influence that the institution may exercise throughout the role of advisors and SRI promotion strategies. Our research builds on a multidimensional approach that explores to what extent demographic, environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues, the trade-offs between financial return and social values, the attitudes and the role of the institution (throughout the role of the advisor and SRI promotion strategies) influence the decisions of individual social investors. Moreover, it adopts a more open approach by exploring the characteristics and behaviors of individual social investors in relation to those of conventional investors. Our research provides evidence from the Desjardins Fund. Qualitative and quantitative data gathered by Desjardins from online surveys are subjected to bivariate and multivariate analyses and are complimented by ten semi-structured interviews with managers, analysts, and advisors who provided further insight into SRI investment behavior and choice. The results show that while demographic characteristics still remain important in understanding the behavior and attitudes of social investors, it is their social values, ESG issues, financial return considerations and the role played by the institution in mediating investment decisions that are significantly associated with SRI portfolios. Our research highlights the complexity surrounding the phenomenon of SRI and has several implications both in terms of theory and practice.”
Giacomo Degli Antoni. International Review of Sociology / Revue Internationale de Sociologie, volume 26, issue 1, pages 19-30, January 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This article provides indirect empirical evidence with which to verify whether the logic of collective action maintained by Olson represents a sound theoretical approach to social enterprises. Our hypothesis is that, if a positive effect of participation in social enterprises on pro-social attitudes of members exists, when considering these organizations we should move from the approach proposed by Olson to the one proposed by Putnam, in the Tocqueville tradition. Overall, the existing empirical and experimental evidence seems to suggest that Putnam's approach to voluntary organizations is better able than Olson's to capture the organizational behavior of social enterprises, confirming that initiatives by self-organized citizens should be considered a possible convincing explanation for their emergence.”
Elena Alexandra Mamouni Limnios , John Watson , Tim Mazzarol , Geoffrey N. Soutar. Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, volume 12, issue 1, pages 50 - 74, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “A key issue faced by co-operative enterprises is how to raise external equity capital without compromising member control. The purpose of this study is to examine the potential of a special type of financial instrument called a Cooperative Capital Unit (CCU) introduced into the Australian legislation to facilitate external investment while maintaining member control. A Delphi panel and six focus groups were used to provide an understanding of the challenges associated with cooperative governance and financing and to aid the development of a conceptual framework for the implementation of CCUs. The findings from these Delphi panel and six focus groups were used to develop a proposed framework that the authors believe will be useful in structuring equity-like instruments depending on the purposes they might serve. In particular, the authors propose a new form of cooperative ownership and equity structure that could: better align member and investor interests; provide a mechanism to strengthen one role over the other depending on the needs of the cooperative; and provide investors with a better sense of security while retaining member control. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the cooperative ownership and equity structure proposed in this study are novel and not currently found in theory or practice. The insights provided by this study should, therefore, be of interest to a wide range of stakeholders, including cooperatives; professional advisors to these businesses; government regulators; investors; and researchers.”
Carlo Borzaga, Luca Fazzi, Giulia Galera. International Review of Sociology / Revue Internationale de Sociologie, volume 26, issue 1, pages 1-18, January 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Over the past decades, social enterprises have been acknowledged as key welfare actors in several EU countries. In spite of the dramatic research devoted to exploring them, several issues concerning the definition, drivers and roles played by policies in sustaining social enterprise growth are still highly contested. Drawing on the papers published in this Monographic section, the introduction to this issue reconstructs the debate that has accompanied the emergence and development of social enterprises with a view to providing evidence of the advantages of collective participation for social enterprise emergence and growth. Next, the introduction pays attention to the factors that have led to the emergence and success of social enterprises as a form of self-organization of civil society; and briefly describes the papers included in this issue.”
Akira Kurimoto and Yurie Kumakura. International Review of Sociology / Revue Internationale de Sociologie, volume 26, issue 1, pages 48-68, January 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “To cope with the unprecedented speed of aging, Japan launched the quasi-market reforms in social welfare policy and the long-term care insurance system introduced competition amongst various kinds of service providers in 2000. Co-operatives have been actively involved in service provision for elderly care combining their business dimension with associational one. There existed distinct patterns of emergence and evolution of co-operative elderly care from grass roots. Consumer co-ops started to train consumer members as care-givers and entered the care business while health co-ops made a substantial investment to build facilities and manpower for elderly care as a natural extension. Workers co-operatives were organized to provide elderly care to the increasing number of care receivers.”
Joseph Toindepi. International Journal of Social Economics, volume 43, issue 4, pages 346-362, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to establish what constitutes best practice models of microfinance for poverty alleviation. It argues that the new microfinance phenomenon characterized by two camps; commercial and developmental players should be recognized as legitimate separate microfinance approaches with different aims and motives. This paper aims to establish strong foundational argument for developing parallel thinking and separate best practice models for effective engagement with each approach. Rapid evidence assessment methodology was used to systematically identify and analyze a comprehensive list of relevant literature on best practice models of microfinance for poverty alleviation from both online and offline publications. Over 40 publications on microfinance best practice were critically reviewed with a specific attention to how the two approaches to microfinance (commercial and developmental) were dealt with in relation to impact on poverty and best practice approaches. The paper argues that, business priorities of commercial microfinance providers differ significantly to those of development microfinance providers and this impact on the program design which means clients of each regardless of coming from the same target group may have different experiences. The microfinance concept evolved far beyond any single philosophical or ideological confinement that there is now need for formal recognition and acknowledgment that commercial and developmental microfinance paradigms are parallel models of approaches whose continuous evolution is less likely to converge in the near future, so should be treated separately. The paper highlights the fundamental flaw in the current perspective of microfinance sector which fails to recognize irreconcilable parallel approaches underpinned by different motives.”
Kevin T. Jackson. Journal of Business Ethics, volume 133, issue 3, pages 499-517, February 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The article posits the concept of economy of mutuality as an intellectual mediation space for shifts in emphasis between market and social structures within economic theory and practice. Economy of mutuality, it is contended, provides an alternative frame of reference to the dichotomy of market economy and social economy, for inquiry about what business is for and what values it presupposes and creates. The article centers around the objective of gaining a broadened understanding of business so as to include not just market economy, but social enterprise and social economy. In pursuit of this objective, a range of various archetypes of business enterprise are considered in light of higher ends of economic life. The highest telos of business encompassing all such archetypes, it is argued, is founded on reciprocity and integral human development. The article concludes that, compared to market economy per se, economy of mutuality provides a better conceptual framework for business in undertaking the challenges of sustainability.”
A. Xavior Selvakumar and K. Lawrence Seekan Paul. Asia Pacific Journal of Research, volume 1, issue 36, February 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The Scheme Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) was introduced in the Seventh Five Year Plan for promotion of various economic activities through cooperatives in the sphere of agriculture and allied sectors like Fishery, Poultry, Dairy, Handloom and Rural Industries etc. in selected Districts like Malkangiri, Koraput, Anugul & Dhenkanal. This scheme has an integrated area based approach taking into account the local needs and resources. The Scheme aims at development of cooperatives in agriculture and allied sectors, transforming cooperative as multi-purpose entities and promoting horizontal & vertical functional linkages so as to enable the cooperatives to cater to the overall needs of rural community. This article highlights a study on the impact of integrated cooperative development project in Nagapattinam district.”
Jenny Harlock and Lindsey Metcalf. Voluntary Sector Review, volume 7, issue 1, pages 101-108, March 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Third sector organisations (TSOs) face increased pressures from funders and other stakeholders to measure their impact. In this paper we analyse some of the practical choices facing TSOs thinking about whether and how to measure their impact. We also consider the wider implications of the impact measurement agenda for the sector.”
Francesco Aiello and Graziella Bonanno. International Review of Applied Economics, volume 30, issue 4, pages 507-526, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Italy has experienced a restructuring and consolidation process in the banking industry since the 1990s that is expected to foster efficiency and competition. Despite the reforms, a peculiarity of the industry is the persistence of small mutual-cooperative banks (Banche di Credito Cooperativo, BCCs) active in narrow markets. The scope of this paper is to analyze the determinants of BCCs’ efficiency in the 2006–2011 period. In the first step of the study, a stochastic cost frontier is used to yield bank efficiency. Then the cost efficiency becomes the dependent variable of fixed and random effect models. The reference market of BCCs is the province (NUTS3). We find that BCC cost efficiency is positively affected by market concentration and demand density and inversely related to branching. Importantly, these results are robust to any sample restriction anchored to the distribution of efficiency. While the evidence regarding the credit quality is inconclusive for all BCCs, the sensitivity analysis shows that the risk in local markets is a source of BCC cost inefficiency.”
Marie J. Bouchard et Damien Rousselière. Cahier du CRISES, no ES1601, 47 pages, mars 2016.
Résumé issu du l’URL ci-haut: « L’objectif de cet article est de contribuer à une compréhension de l’évolution d’une population d’entreprises d’économie sociale confrontée à la crise économique, en nous appuyant sur l’exemple de Montréal. Nous mobilisons une approche en deux étapes. Nous utilisons un modèle novateur de survie en temps discret tenant compte de l’hétérogénéité spatiale. Ce modèle est ensuite utilisé pour prédire la survie de différentes formes d’économie sociale, suivant différentes typologies proposées identifiant des formes organisationnelles hybrides. On constate que certaines formes organisationnelles (économie sociale professionnelle) ont mieux survécu que d’autres (économie sociale émergente). De même, les organisations combinant plusieurs sources de financement et plusieurs formes de travail salarié ou bénévole ont eu plus de chances de survivre. »
Jaskyte. International Journal of Public Administration, volume 39, issue 3, pages 184-193, February 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Employees’ work values, or beliefs about desirability of certain work attributes and outcomes, are believed to drive their motivation to work and stay in certain settings. This article compares work values of business, government, and nonprofit employees in a sample of nations with different cultural orientations—Germany, India, South Korea, Russia, South Africa, and the US. Results showed significant relationship between a country and work values variables, suggesting that a country's culture may have a potential to influence what individuals value in work. Additionally, employees of government, business, and nonprofit sectors differed in their work values in all six countries.”
Paulo R. R. Mourão and Enes Cristiana, Social Indicators Research, pages 1-20 (article en ligne 25 mars 2016).
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “In this work, we intend to evaluate the triangular sustainability of not-for-profit organizations, putting a special emphasis on the study of economies of scale. After a collection of raw data from the historical archives of the institution (a ‘Santa Casa da Misericordia de Barcelos’), we constructed a panel database. Using this database, we estimated cobb-douglas costs functions, by applying fixed and random effects. We found that Portuguese institutions as the one here studied (belonging to the Portuguese Social Economy and as a representative of the Holy Houses of Mercy) exhibit economies of scale, which ask for a renewed perspective of the sector by the regulating entities.”
Cameron J. Newton and Alicia K. Mazur. International Journal of Human Resource Management, volume 27, issue 10, pages 1013-1033; April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Researchers have highlighted the importance of the nonprofit sector, its continued growth, and a relative lack of literature particularly related to nonprofit organizational values. Therefore, this study investigates organizational culture in a human services nonprofit organization. The relationship between person-organization value congruence and employee and volunteer job-related attitudes is examined (N = 227). Following initial qualitative enquiry, confirmatory factor analyses of the Competing Values Framework and additional values revealed five dimensions of organizational values. The relationship between value congruence, and employee and volunteers' job-related attitudes was examined using polynomial regression techniques. Analyses revealed that for employees, job-related attitudes were influenced strongly by organization values ratings, particularly when exceeding person ratings of the same values. For volunteers, person value ratings exceeding organization value ratings were especially detrimental to their job-related attitudes. Findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications.”
Cai Rong, Wanglin and Su Ye. British Food Journal, volume 118, issue 4, pages 858-870, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of member size and external incentives (food safety certification and target market) on cooperative’s product quality, using data collected from 135 apple producing cooperatives in China. Given that different indicator variables were used to measure apple quality, the authors employed a principle component analysis method to reduce the measurement dimension. An ordinary least square regression was employed to analyse the effects of member size and selective incentives of agricultural cooperatives on product quality. The empirical results show that member size and cooperative’s product quality bear an inverse “U-shape” relationship, and food safety certification and target market variables tend to positively and significantly influence cooperative’s product quality. In particular, the cooperatives with more food safety certificates and targeting supermarkets and export enterprises are more likely to supply high-quality products. This study provides the first attempt to measure apple quality and investigate the factors that influence cooperative’s product quality.”
Elisabet Lindberg and Gergei M. Farkas. Journal of Civil Society, volume 12, issue 1, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The last 20 years of research on the micro-level relationship between involvement in voluntary associations and generalized trust has been characterized by a growing theory–data gap. This gap is especially problematic in terms of including diversity across voluntary associations in empirical analyses. This article aims to bridge this gap by using a hierarchically clustered data set (active members nested in voluntary associations) and multilevel analyses to test several hypotheses drawn from prior studies about the relationship between voluntary associations' characteristics and members' level of generalized trust. Overall, the results indicate that in explaining the variability in individual generalized trust levels, differences among the associations in which individuals are involved could contribute marginally at best. Almost all variance (97.6%) in individual level of generalized trust lies between the individuals and not between the associations. Furthermore, the analyses show no correlations for most tested associational characteristics. As for membership diversity, the most pronounced result runs opposite to expectation—thus providing some support for a membership similarity hypothesis rather than for a diversity hypothesis. The article raises the question whether the search for associational differences that might explain the lack of a general relationship between membership in voluntary associations and individual level of generalized trust is in fact a dead end.”
An Inside-Out Marketing Strategy for Innovation among Human Service Nonprofits in South Korea
Sangmi Choi. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, volume 26, issue 3, pages 331–347, April 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “In the increasingly competitive nonprofit market, innovation may be the only choice for survival among human service nonprofits. Considering the importance of service encounters and high dependence on human resources, internal marketing has potential as a management strategy to improve innovative activities in human service nonprofits. To examine the effect of internal marketing strategy focusing on employees, this study investigates the mediating effect of customer orientation in the pathway from internal marketing to innovation. The findings from 258 community-based social service centers in South Korea support the positive impact of internal marketing on customer orientation and innovation, although the significant evidence for the mediating effect of customer orientation is not found. The current study suggests implications for practice and future research.”
Harry Fulgencio and Hans T. Le Fever. International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, volume 10, issue 2-3, 2016, pages 434-452, February 2016.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The social innovation system concept in our study is an inter-connection of things or actors in developing, diffusing, and utilising innovation targeting social issues or needs. The impetus of our theoretical contribution is that little or no attention has been given to the topic of social innovation system even though social innovation and social economy are emerging topics of research. Our aim was to analyse the current scholarly contributions by performing a state-of-the-art review. This review will broaden our understanding of the emerging social innovation system concept. The state-of-the-art review of 15 peer-reviewed articles indicates that there are currently four themes of social innovation system. These are institutional, organisational and social - public good and quality of life. Our theoretical and initial study indicates that social innovation system studies have not yet been formalised in the innovation system milieu. Therefore we posit that social innovation system requires more research.”
Taco Brandsen, Sandro Cattacin, Adalbert Evers and Annette Zimmer. Springer International Publishing, Springer’s Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies series, 313 pages, April 2016.